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What are the values? Describe the major types of values.

Values ​​are socially recognized questions, which are generated by the actions of the individual, such as, euphoria,integrity, patriotism, etc.
Values ​​are generally seen in two major forms -
1 provable value - the desired goal as the total achievement of long-term tasks, such as salvation, self-respect, honesty, etc.
 2. Instrument value - the price fixed to get the real value, such as earning money by borrowing, etc.).
Apart from this, values ​​are also classified on the basis of subject-related relationship.

 1. Physical or biological value - improper to improve the jovan level, such as good eating, wearing well.
 2. Social Values- Values ​​considered good in terms of social order, such as Mahla education.
 3 mental values ​​or emotional values ​​- compassion, compassion etc.
 4 aesthetic value values ​​related to nature, art, humanism, beauty- worship of trees.
 5 Moral Values ​​- Inaccurate associated with the character and conduct of the person, such as speaking the truth, not corruptio…

Explain Mahatma Gandhi's conception of decentralization in democracy.

"Gandhi considers the centralization of political and economic systems as the root cause of exploitation. In this, people are not able to develop their feelings. Hence centralization of power is violence." Now the centralization of power and the structure of a non-violent society is unable to fit. Therefore, centralization and non-violent society is conflicting. Centralization is a symbol of violence. Gandhi ji has given six social, economic and educational grounds for the establishment of his non-violent state-
1. Place of disagreement (Satyagraha) 2. Development of rural industries (village industries) 3. Primary education by hand work (new training) 4. Prevention of Untouchability 5. Communal harmony 6. Labor non-violent organizations.
Gandhiji believes that a non-violent state can be created through constructive programs. According to him, in the true democracy, the people should have real power in both theory and practice. needed. "He is in favor of the fact that the" …

Write about the contribution of Kautilya in Indian Political

Kautilya is a name in the history of Indian political thought whose character and personality are unique. Kautilya's 'Arthashastra' is a masterpiece written in many contexts on the economy, social system, judiciary, administration, and politics.It is called an encyclopedia of political science, sociology, economics, and jurisprudence, there will be no exaggeration. Mentioned in Kautilya's 'Arthashastra' The idea is still useful and relevant today. Without Kautilya, studying the history of Indian political thought was considered incomplete and incomplete. will go. This is the reason that Kautilya's political and social views have been included in the courses of political science and ancient Indian history in almost all universities of India.
Kautilya was a high scholar, a serious thinker, a practical and clever politician. He has a historical contribution to the destruction of the Nandas and the establishment and expansion of the Magadha Empire. Kautilya lived …

Discuss the theory of Anekantvada' in Jain-Philosophy.

-Anekantvad is one of the most important and fundamental principles of Jainism. By and large, it is the principle of plurality of ideas. Anarchism holds that when viewed from different angles, the truth and Nostalgia is also understood differently. Therefore, from the same point of view, the absolute truth cannot be known.
There are three fundamental principles of Jain philosophy - (1) Anekantavada, (2) Nayavad, (3) Syadvad. Nayavad was predominant in the Agra era. Philosophical era Syedism and polytheism became predominant in Yag, Neoism became secondary. Siddhesen has defined the definition of numerous, 'Aneke anta dharma yatra sodnekant: neyavad On the basis of Nyayvad is the basic foundation of Vyantanta
According to multipleism, eternal opposing couple live together in everything. Only one religion at a time becomes the subject of expression. The main religion is expressed and the rest are latent by being secondary. The process of eclipse and rendering of the object in relation to…

The contribution of Swami Vivekananda in awakening national consciousness

Swami Vivekananda was a leader of nation and culture. His religion was provoking nationalism. He instilled patriotism towards India among the new generation, especially the younger generation, and instilled full pride in his great past and strong faith in the future. The expressions soaked in their national consciousness will instill in the Indian public a sense of self-reliance and self-respect. Swami Ji's specialty is that he did not give any clear message of politics, but whoever came in contact with him and his creations, had a patriotic and political mindset or nation consciousness in his mind. Has occurred. Vivekananda is that deep sea, in which religion and politics, nationality and internationalism, and formal and scientific thinking were all together. That is why Rabindranath has said - "If anyone wants to understand the nation of India, then he should read Swami Vivekananda."It is thus clear that Vivekananda, the leading emissary of the National Consciousness A…

Throw light on educational-philosophy of Ravindranath Tagore.

- World famous litterateur, painter, journalist, teacher, philosopher, musician, philosopher, educationist Rabindranath Tagore was a Bengali poet, storyteller, lyricist, composer, playwright, essayist from India land. There are such glorious personalities who have the distinction of being the first Indian to receive the Nobel Prize. Tagore played a big role in introducing the West countries to the best form of Indian culture and introducing India to the culture of Western countries, and he is generally regarded as an extraordinary Indian Considered a creative artist. Who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 on his work Geetanjali. Tagore was a great educationist, according to him, the best education is that which harmonizes our life with the whole creation. The task of education is to bring man to this condition. Tagore considered education to be a process of development and considered the basis of spiritual development. He gave education to ancient Has given place to the Indi…

Write comments on the Whistle-blower Protection Bill in India.

The Whistle Blower Bill against corruption was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 21 February 2014. Significantly, this bill was pending in Rajya Sabha for more than two years. This bill will provide legal protection to the workers fighting against corruption. This bill is only for government employees. The purpose of this bill is such A regular system is to be provided so that those who give information about corruption or willful misuse of power by public servants and ministers can be encouraged.
The Information Provider Protection Bill 2011 was passed by voice vote after a brief discussion in the Rajya Sabha. The Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in 2011 and sent to the Rajya Sabha in 2012 for consideration. The Rajya Sabha added two new proposals to this bill. First, the definition of disclosure has been amended to include willful misuse of power or willful misuse of rights which results in direct harm to the government or public servants or any third party. Second, the definition of the of…

Write comment on 'Measuring Corruption' and "Transparency International'.

Corruption means corrupt + ethics - corrupt means bad or impaired and ethics means conduct ie corruption literally means conduct that is in any way immoral and unfair. Corruption is a worldwide and complex phenomenon, it constantly comes out in its new form. Although many methods and measures of corruption measurement exist at present, there is no clear evidence regarding corruption and no definitive evidence of its intensity. The activities of unethical behavior and corruption are usually hidden, which makes the assessment of corruption more difficult. At present, there are several means of measuring corruption, which is described as follows-
(1) Corruption Perception Index (CPI) - This index released by Transparency International is the most popular. It is published every year.
(2) Global Corruption Barometer - It is also published by Transparency International.
(3) Bribe Payer Index - This index is also published by Transparency International.
(4) Promoting Revenue Transparency - This i…

Conscience as source of ethical guidance

- Conscience generally means that particular action of the brain. In which he gives judgment in terms of right and wrong by using intelligence. As such, it is an intellectual decision. It differs from feelings and thoughts in the sense that intellect is not used in emotion-based decisions. This conscience is a practical practice, which develops according to family and social values ​​found in childhood. Likewise, laws also act to keep a person on the moral path, but the law is external Is the element while the conscience is the inner aspect.
The conscience can also be understood by Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory. According to Freud, the personality of any person is a set of three things and they have classified it. The tendency in this is only to attain happiness and in this stage he does not pay attention to any rationality while giving him the logical means of attaining happiness. But aspects of morality are ignored here. Super Ego performs the task of placing the person on…

Eight Fold path of Mahatma Buddha.

Buddhism prevailed soon after the Mahaparinirvana of Mahatma Buddha. Its purpose was to secure the Buddha's words. We get a comprehensive knowledge of Buddhism from the Pali Tripitaka itself. The foundation of Buddhism is 'Four Ages Truth'. These are the basis of all the principles of this religion and various philosophical beliefs developed later. These four are Aryasya. Grief, community, grief-prevention and grief-prevention-gamini pratipada (the path of grief) means the spiritual path.
According to Buddha, birth is also sorrow, Zara (old age) is also sorrow; Disease is also sorrow, death is sorrow, unpleasant union is also sorrow, dear separation is also. Seeing the world as miserable, Buddha said 'Sabbam Dukhan' means that all things are sad.  There are many reasons due to the generation of sorrow, ie grief community. The root of all causes is trishna (pipasa or longing). Attachment and raga arise from trishna itself. The form, word, smell, juice and mental reaso…

Raja Rammohan Roy as a social reformer.

- Raja Rammohan Roy is generally regarded as the warrior of modern Indian, modern Indian liberal tradition and the rights of women of Renaissance, a pioneer of social and political reforms, the future vision of international coexistence and the forerunner of India's constitutional liberals. As the father of modern India and a great thinker, he made a relentless attempt to unite tradition and modernity. He also proposed the concept of a worldwide moral religion based on the highest beliefs of all major religions of the world. He taught the lesson of spiritual unity and fraternity to mankind and also accepted the imperative of interdependence of individuals and nations. He not only reminded his countrymen of the richness of their ancient civilization and culture, but also encouraged them to show cooperation and goodwill towards other civilizations and cultures. He also fought against the prevailing superstitions and ideological practices like sati, devadasi and caste system. Therefo…

Non-violence according to Mahatma Gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi's identity is due to his commitment to non-violence. For the first time in human history, he used non-violence successfully in the political field and has done an important work in politics and social field by making non-violence a modern weapon. Non-violence was used to resolve conflicts between oneself and society, which is considered to be an acceptable and successful technology for world conflict prevention. Normally, non-violence is considered not to hurt and not to kill, and on giving a detailed form it means not to hurt a person by mind, speech and deed. Ahimsa is an essential element in some form of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. In order to attain Moksha, yogis like Patanjali consider it necessary. In Jainism, it has been given a lot of importance and violence is seen in many categories as bhaj, intentionally or unintentionally. In Jainism, it is emphasized to apply it in practice also. In Buddhism it is necessary for every monk to practice non-violence. I…

what was the role of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in the framing of Constitution.

. Dr. Ambedkar's political thinking was greatly influenced by the liberal thought and tradition of Europe. In which people considered life, liberty, and property system is essential for the development of the person. Dr. Ambedkar supported bicameral administration. He supported making the President the Constitutional President. Dr. Ambedkar's argument regarding the merit of the ministers was very practical. One view was that no person should be a minister if he is not a member of the administration, but Dr. Ambedkar thought that such an imperative should not be required. If there is a qualified person and he is defeated in the election from one place, he should still be made a minister and should be conditioned that within 8 months he should be elected from another place and become a member of the House. Dr. Ambedkar tried to provide self-respect and dignified status to the downtrodden and exploited sections through constitutional provisions. With a view to making radical chan…

What do you understand by Prejudice and Discrimination ?

Prejudice is an attitude towards a specific group, which is stereotyped and negative in relation to a specific group in many situations. In social psychology, prejudice is generally defined as a negative attitude towards a member of a racial, ethnic, religious group. A stereotype is a pool of ideas regarding the characteristics of a specific group. Often, stereotypes have undesirable characteristics about the group and it gives rise to a negative attitude or prejudice about specific group members. The stereotype component of prejudice is often associated with dislike, disgust. The behavioral component may be transformed or translated as a bias discrimination when people tend to behave in a less positive way toward a specific target group than the group they prefer. There are innumerable examples of discrimination based on caste, gender, species, racism, social class in history. The genocidal genocide against the Jews by the Nazis in Germany is an example of the culmination of prejudic…

Explain dedication to Public Service.

- The civil service that the British Empire created was aristocratic and conservative and owed allegiance to the British government. After the government became a welfare state, such civil servants were needed To play an active agent in national department and public welfare. Surrender is a Hindi translation of the English word Dedication. Commitment to a personal or social purpose is a high-intensity state of mind. This state of mind creates intense feelings towards the purpose which controls a person's behaviors. In a civil servant the following signs of feeling of dedication to public service should be seen- 1) Public servants should not continue to work enthusiastically before and after seeing the office hours. 2) The underprivileged should continue to help so that you feel satisfied. 3) To exercise their rights in such a way that maximum resources are spent on the sections which need them most. 4) If a person is not able to complete the formalities for availing government services,…

What do you understand by corruption ?

Corruption is a form of deviation from normal norms of loyalty. Corruption is the deliberate or deliberate misuse of its position, position or companionship for its personal benefit, whether it is for economic gain or for the increase of power, prestige or influence. This misuse is more than just and generally accepted norms and harmful to the interests of other persons or the society as a whole. Corruption not only includes black marketing, bribery, kunbaprasti, misuse of power or influence, profiteering and other similar works, but wastage of government money also shows lack of loyalty. And there is corruption in many ways. However, the word corruption can be defined in many ways. The term corruption in general means misuse of government post for personal selfishness. This misuse is not just for financial gain but also for violating rules and regulations. According to Mr. Santhanam, chairman of the Prevention of Corruption Committee, "It is corruption by the government servant …

What is the concept of Emotional Intelligence.

- Emotional/emotional intelligence is the intelligence by which a person understands their emotions, recognizes other's emotions and controls emotions, and uses it effectively for efficiency and success of work. This idea is new, but thousands of years ago, prominent philosophers have given their opinion. Out of which, the major philosopher Aristotle said that when, where, how, on whom, and in what quantity to display the cloth, this quality makes a person successful. Similarly, Sukraat has said how much he expresses his feelings. In the 19th century, when rationalists such as Hegel Carr was describing the intellect and immortalization as the highest potential of man, the existential thinker Soren Kokigard said that man should be identified with his emotions and not with his intellect. Thorndike in 1920, considering the type of intelligence, gave the notion of social intelligence with the ability to make the right choices to fit social relations. In 1940, Dravid Wrestler wrote tha…

Explain the Accountability and Transparency in Public Administration.

- In most countries, government officials exercise varying amounts of power depending on the authority vested in discharging their functions and obligations. To ensure that this power and authority is properly and responsibly used, all democratic countries have developed methods and procedures for checks and balances. They have also implemented incentive methods to reward the best performance. These methods and processes are commonly called such methods which encourages accountability. Civil servants in all democratic countries, a reactive, transparent, and honest policy implementation towards both executive and citizens are accountable. But ensuring accountability for performance in government service is not a simple task; there are enormous complexities in making government officials accountable for results and outcomes. In relation to agencies providing services, especially when the service provided is clear, it is easy to set and measure performance targets and is thus a seamless …

WHAT IS PHILOSOPHICAL CONVEPT OF TULSIDAS

- Tulsidas was a great leader of the Bhakti movement. Tulsi believed in folk religion. The meaning of folk religion was public welfare, according to Tulsi, if the feeling of public welfare is established by resorting to violence, then that violence is also justified. Folk religion is also a sense of sattvic violence towards the oppressors, sattvik anger towards adulterants. This also establishes human value. Tulsi justifies the slaughter of Rama by Bali, because he had subdued Sugriva's wife. Similarly, when the sea was not giving them passage, their bow becomes active. Here Tulsi says 'Binu Bhay Hoi Na Priti'. For the sake of human welfare, he justified the fear of another.
Tulsi believed in upholding dignity. He wanted to see this dignity in the society as well as in the whole environment. Sita also insists to go when Ram is ready for the forest. Ram explains to him That forest life is painful. Sita then replies that the wife has all the relations with her husband. In the a…

Theory of Dayananda Saraswati

On the basis of Vedic texts, he opposed caste system and untouchability and established the ideal of social equality and unity. Tried to do. He tried to bring all sections of society closer and closer to each other. Equality was at the center of his life and morality. He thought that women should also get the same status, honor, privilege and freedom that a man enjoys. According to him, marriage was a sacred bond and woman was the goddess of man. The life philosophy of Swami Dayanand Saraswati is expressed by the principles and works of Arya Samaj. He believed that the duties of the Arya Samaj Is much wider than the religious periphery. He said that the purpose of a person's life should be to work for the physical, social and spiritual welfare of the people. He gave more importance to collective uplift than to individual uplift. He said that social welfare and Collective uplift is possible only when the person has a feeling of service and sacrifice. The external ethos of Dharma-karma …