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Describe the aims and functions of World Health Organization.

-World Health Organization (WHO) is an organization to develop mutual support and standards on health related problems of the countries of the world. The World Health Organization has 193 member countries and two relations members. It is a partisan unit of the United Nations. This institution was established on 7 April 1948. Its purpose is to raise the level of health of the people of the world. The headquarters of WHO is located in the city of Geneva, Switzerland. Ethiopian doctor Tadros Adrenom Gabrayes has been elected the new director general of the World Health Organization (WHO). India is also a member country of the World Health Organization and is based in Delhi, India. 'World Health Day' is celebrated every year on its foundation day on April 7, under the aegis of World Health Organization, all over the world. Its aim is to make people health aware across the world and motivate the government to formulate health policies keeping in mind the public interest.
Goals - The g…

What has been the contribution of Open Universities in extension of higher education in India? Write in detail.

Concept of Open Universities - The National Institute of Open Education was established with the objective that people have an opportunity for easy access to school education and skill development with sustainable inclusive studies. The institute also conducts training and capacity development programs of Open and Distance Education officials along with research in open education.
Open University India, UK And is working in other countries. The admission enrollment policy in these universities is open or relaxed. That is, to allow students to enter the graduate level programs mostly The requirement of their prior educational qualifications is not construed. Open universities offer flexible course options that can be taken by entrants who do not have any formal qualifications, but are of the required age (18 years for the first-degree course) and have also passed the written entrance exam. These courses can also be taken at the convenience of the student. Open University undergraduate cou…

Highlight the Indian scenario of aging.

Problems of Older Persons - Generally, old age refers to the stage of age when a person's physical and mental impairment starts. According to tradition, old age starts from the age of 60 and continues until death.
This last stage of the life cycle is divided into sub-stages, these sub-stages are as follows:
1. Early Old Age - This substage is 60 to 70 years old.
2. Developed old age - This stage starts from the age of 70 years. Many social, physical, mental, and economic problems arise in old age.
The major problems arising in old age are as follows -
(1) physical damage related problems (2) mental illness problems (3) Health-related problems (4) Social adjustment problems (5) Economic problems (6) Maintenance problem (7) Complete behavior (4) inter-generational interval (9) Lack of self esteem (10) Housing-related problem (11) Abuse and torture
Thus it can be said that at present there are many problems facing the elderly, to overcome them, many schemes and programs are being run by the governmen…

What are the characteristics of an ideal village?

- Agriculture should be developed in an ideal village and proper arrangements for education, health, and housing should have the following characteristics.
1. Advanced farming system- For the development of agriculture, large areas should be combined with small uneconomic farms. Consolidation should be used; Use of collective agriculture, organic and chemical fertilizers to increase yield, use of improved seeds for agriculture, and modern irrigation facilities should be used. Appropriate arrangements for yield storage, cooperative and There should be a system of sale of produce with the help of crops.
2. Residential facilities - There should be proper accommodation in the village. The houses should be raw or paved but should be clean and tidy, as well as the proper arrangement of bathrooms, toilets, etc. in the house. There should be a system for the animals to collect a separate barn and collect the cow dung from it.
3. Drinking water system - For clean drinking water, the ponds, ponds, …