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Pradhan Mantri Kusum Yojana Launched in India

Pradhan Mantri Kusum Yojana Why in news? / current affair Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) set a target to install total solar capacity of 36.8 GW by 2022 under PM-KUSUM scheme. Rs34,035 crore will be spent to achieve this goal.  What is Pradhan Mantri-Kusum Yojana?  The full form of KUSUM scheme is KISAN URJA  SURAKSHA UTTHAN MAHAABHIYAN. Prime Minister Farmer Energy Security and Regeneration( KUSUM) is launched by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), under which on the solarification of agricultural pump up to 60% of the grant is  to  be given. -This scheme is being implemented by the departments of the state government, in which the farmers only have to submit 40% of the rest to the department. -Another major component of the plan is to connect the decentralization of 10,000 MW of decentralized grids built above the ground with renewable power plants. -The new target of the plan is to install a total solar capacity of 36.8 GW by 2022. Benefits of the Kusum Yoj

First successful human trial of hyperloop has been done

First successful human trial of hyperloop technique Virgin Hyperloop Company conducted the first successful human trial of Hyperloop in Las Vegas, USA. Indian-origin engineer Tanay Manjrekar working in Virgin Hyperloop also became the first Indian to sit in Hyperloop Pod during testing.  What is Hyperloop Technique?  Friction caused by air and land are the major impediments to the motion of an object vehicle, the hyperloop technique is the idea of ​​achieving fast speed by adopting low frictions. Hyperloop is a low pressure, almost vacuum tube, in which a pod is operated in a linear electromagnetic path. This pod is raised above the ground, it also has solar panels. Vacuum in hyperloop tube air is pumped out through the pump. It can achieve speeds up to 1000 km/h. Famous entrepreneur Elon Musk first gave the idea of ​​hyperloop technique in the year 2013. Benefits of the Hyperloop Technology The transportation will be very fast.  Energy consumption is very low.  Pollution will decrease

5th Scorpion submarine "Vagir" launched in India

5th Scorpion submarine "Vagir" The Indian Navy launched the 5th Scorpion submarine "Vagir" at Mazgaon Dock, South Mumbai on 12 November 2020. What is Wagir submarine?  It includes submarine, anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare,  mines laying, intelligence gathering and also able to carry out missions such as field monitoring. Important facts about Wagir submarine -Wagir is named after Sand Fish. This is deep-sea hunter fish in the Indian Ocean.  - Vagir is a part of 6 Kalvari class submarines being built in India.  -These submarines were designed by the French Navy and DCNS, an energy company. 6 submarines were made under the Project 75 of the Indian Navy.  - The first Vagir submarine taken in the year 1973 was from Russia. What is Project 75?  - The aim of Project 75 is to create 6 Scorpion class attack submarines. These submarines were made in the Mazagon building Dock Ltd. by  the  technology of DCNS, a French company.  -Under this project, the first Sco

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Why in news?  India and ASEAN countries despite exit from Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) are moving towards finding new ways to increase business. What is Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)?  It is a trade agreement between the member countries of ASEAN and the 6 countries that entered into Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with ASEAN (A free trade agreement proposed between Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand). The dialogue began in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia. Benefits of RCEP for India: India's exports will increase to ASEAN countries.  Investment in India is likely to increase. It will help to connect India's small scale sector with the global market. Some Challenges before India regarding to RCEP India's trade deficit may increase. Chinese products will gain entry in India, due to this local businesses will face problems.  Stricter intellectual pr

All about Crew dragon spacecraft of Space X

Crew dragon spaceship Space X's Crew Dragon Spacecraft will Fly from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 14, 2020. This spacecraft crew will take 4 people for upto 6 months long mission to the International Space Station.  Besides this, NASA certified its first of the Space X's Crew Dragon capsule and Falcon 9 rocket, Spacecraft certification is also provided. After this authentication, Space X will be able to operate regular flights service to international space.  What is Space x?  Space X is a private US space agency. It was founded on 6 May 2002 by renowned industrialist Elon Musk. Elon Musk is also the current CEO of Space X. Objectives of Space X?  The main objective of the establishment of this space agency is to reduce the cost of space transport. Important key points On 7 May 2020, it became the first private rocket company to send astronauts to space.  This company sent Da Hurley and Bob Benken into the space. The spacecraft that takes international

OTT services will be under Ministry of Information and Brodcasting

Announcement to bring video streaming services under the control of the Ministry The central government recently announced that Video streaming services such as Hotstar over the top (OTT) platforms, such as online news portals, Netflix, Amazon Prime and Disney Hotstar will be under the control of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Why this announcement was done ?  There are no specific rules or regulations to regulate any over the top (OTT) platform so far, however section 79 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 in video streaming services is applies to the providers. There were 17 crore OTT platform users in India as of 7 March 2019, while the value of video streaming industry was Rs500 crore which is estimated to increase to Rs4000 crore by the year 2025. Apart from this, many cases have been filed in the courts regarding the content lrovided on the OTT platforms. Therefore, it is necessary to bring these platforms under control in order to control the above situations. Wha

15th Finance Commission submitted it's reports

15th Finance Commission 15th Finance Commission under Chairman N. K. Singh has submitted reports from 2021-22 to 2025-2026 to the President, now the President will put it on the table of the Parliament and after that it will come in public domain. In this report on issues like tax distribution model among states for the next 5 years recommendations will be included. The report has been finalized after consultations with institutions and multi-tiered institutions. Composition of Finance Commission: It's a constitutional body. It's formed in every 5 year under the article 280.This is done for the purpose of advising the government on financial matters. There is a chairman and 4 members. The Chairman of the Finance Commission would be the person who has enough experience in 'Public Life'.  Other members of the Finance Commission having the qualification of a HC Judge, a Finance and Accounts Knowledgeable, a financial affairs experience and an economist. Parliament has the

Full ban on firecrackers in New Delhi by National Green Tribunal (NGT)

Full ban on firecrackers in New Delhi by National Green Tribunal (NGT) Sale and use of firecrackers in the National Capital Region by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has been completely banned. Ban on firecrackers in the National Capital Region starts from midnight on November 9 and will continue until midnight of 30 November. In addition to this, the NGT has issued notices to 19 states and union territories. Air quality in these states is lower than the prescribed criteria. Why this ban is required?  Health experts have predicted an increase in infection of Covid 19 during winter, hence the high levels of pollution can cause serious health problems. Every year before Deepawali, burning of crop-waste/starch in New Delhi region are seen. This year also the central government will work with the states to deal with this problem. National Green Tribunal and it's overview -Constituted in the year 2010 by the Government notification under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. -It's

What is OPEC Plus?

What is OPEC Plus (OPEC +)?  Saudi Arabia recently reintroduced 'OPEC Plus' oil excavation agreements to balance the market. Followed by a rise in global crude oil prices has been seen. Which came to all time down due to the lockdown during the Covid 19 pandemic.  About OPEC Plus: This includes non-OPEC countries which export crude oil in this Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Oman, Russia, South Sudan and Sudan. About OPEC: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, inter-governmental organization, formed on 10-14 September 1960 in a conference attended by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. Currently it includes Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Congo, Angola, Ecuador and Venezuela.  OPEC Members in 2020 LIS OF MEMBER countries of OPEC  Algeria Angola Equatorial Guinea Gabon Iran Iraq Kuwait Ubya Nigeria Republic of congo Saudi arabia United Arab Em

Sarana code /Sarna Religion of Jharkhand

Sarana code Jharkhand Legislative Assembly passed a resolution demanding 'Sarna Code' for tribals. This proposal was brought by the Chief Minister Hemant Soren. In this proposal, there has been a demand to create separate special columns for the tribals who follow the Sarna Dharma in the census of 2021. Now this offer Will be sent to the central government. About the Sarna Dharma/Religion Adivasis who follow Sarna Dharma, worship nature, do not consider themselves Hindus. They are demanding special status for themselves from a very long time, it is noteworthy that at present Sarna Dharma is not given the status of religion. In the year 2011 also, the Scheduled Tribes Commission recommended the inclusion of the Sarna Code but it was not accepted.