Monday, September 7, 2020

The physiography of Baghelkhand region.

Madhya Pradesh is divided into 7 parts geographically divided, in which one is Baghelkhand, which has its distinct relief and topographic features. In fact, the plateau of Baghelkhand is situated in the northeast of the state of Madhya Pradesh, in its north is Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand in the east, Chhattisgarh in the south and Mandla and Jabalpur in the west. 

Some area of ​​the Baghelkhand plateau is separated from Madhya Pradesh along with Chhattisgarh. Main districts under Baghelkhand plateau in present Madhya Pradesh are Shahdol, Singrauli, Anuppur, Umaria, Katni and Sidhi.

The plateau of Baghelkhand is more than 1500 meters high, low-lying area, in the vast region there are rocks of the Adyamahakalpa and Jurassic period. The Gondwana rock group is the specialty of this region. In fact, there are three rock assemblages in the state - the Gondwana rock group which extends east-west of a basin in the state, the Vindhyan rock association which joins the Son valley, and the Adhyamakalpi rock group which consists of Dharwadugin rock. Among these, there is an abundance of rocks called granite, needs and quartzite. Northern Vindhyan rock shale and limestone rocks are found in rock and low dissolution rocks. Quartz and Conglomerate rocks are also found here. The main coal field of Madhya Pradesh is also located in this area. The rock groups here have influenced the relief and topography of this region, due to long erosion its scarps have become sharp and clear.

The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the Baghelkhand plateau, which makes the climate monsoon. Here summer heat and cold season are normal and dry. Here black, red and yellow, red and black and rocky metti are found. The main crop here is rice. Apart from this, jowar, sesame = flaxseeds are other major crops, but the state which has gone to Chhattisgarh is relatively more prosperous in terms of rice.

Dense forests are found here, due to dense forest, wild animals are also found in large quantities here. Tropical dry deciduous forests meet here. Sal, teak, tendu and tinsa are the major forests. The Sone river and its tributaries are the major rivers of the region.

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