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Showing posts from July, 2020

Give detailed account on localization of cement industry in Madhya Pradesh.

Cement is extensively produced in the madhya pradesh region. Cement factories were established here before independence. cement is one Of the minerals to be mined in Madhya Pradesh, only lime is extensively used for industrial use. It is the raw material for cement production. The state has an abundance of  limestone deposits based on which cement factories have been set up. ACC, the first cement factory in the state Established in 1922-23 at Banmour (Morena). Subsequently, a Partland Cement (1922–23) and an Asbestos (1935) Cement: factory were set up at the time of independence, these three cement factories currently have 23 cement factories registered. Distribution of cement factories is linked to lime reserves. The state has significant age lime deposits ranging from Damoh district to Jabalpur, Katni, Rewa, Satna and Sidhi districts. The major cement factories of the state are located in this particualr area These include Jabalpur, Kaimur near Katni, Maihar in Satna, Satna, Ramvan,…

Describe the problems of water resources in Madhya Pradesh.

M.P. Naturally rich region and water is an important and indispensable resource among these natural resources. Madhya Pradesh is called the maiden of rivers, that is, many small and big rivers flow here. Apart from this, wells and tube wells are also important water resources and ponds are also important sources of water resources of the state. Despite these water resources, many problems of water resources exist which can be briefly understood as follows-
1 rain-based rivers - M.P. Rivers are the most important source of water resources of the state, but the water of the rivers of the state is rainfed. That is why most of the rivers of the state dry up in summer and water A crisis arises. Therefore, there are no concrete projects for perennial water flow to rivers in the state.
2 Dams are very expensive - since MP The main source of water in the rivers is the rivers, which can be dealt with by stopping the water from the dams, but the cost of the dams is high and the displacement and re…

Describe agro-climatic regions of Madhya Pradesh.

Madhya Pradesh is a geographically vast state, with geographical areas as well as socioeconomic bases that vary, this vast region is divided into 11 agro-climatic zones on the basis of soil type, rainfall amount and production of crops is,
Whose details are as follows:

(1) Chhattisgarh Plain - This area is mainly spread in the state of Chhattisgarh, under which Madhya Pradesh. The district of Balaghat is included. This region is the main producer of rice. The amount of rainfall here is 1200 to 1600 mm (120–160 cm) and a plurality of medium red-yellow soil. It is also known as the Rice State.

(2) Northern hilly region of Chhattisgarh, in addition to Chhattisgarh under this, M.P. K. Sidhi, Singrauli, Shahdol, Anuppur, Dindori and Mandla districts come. This is also mainly rice region and the average rainfall is also 120 cm, 160 cm. is. The soil found here is red-yellow and medium black.

(3) Kaimur Plateau and Satpura Hills Area - Expansion of this agro-climatic region. K is in Rewa, Satna, …

Describe agro-based industries of Madhya Pradesh.

Madhya Pradesh is one of the four industrialized states of the country, an exceptionally rich natural resource and rich in manpower. Apart from being an agrarian state, it is also a state rich in forest wealth and mineral wealth, and industries have been established on the basis of these immense natural wealth. Although several industrial units and mineral and forest wealth have been snatched from the state due to the separation of Chhattisgarh, despite this Madhya Pradesh has managed to strengthen its industrial position, thanks to the untiring efforts made by the state government.
Madhya Pradesh is an agrarian state whose economy is directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture. Indirectly, the raw material produced in agriculture is used for the operation of industries and industries are important pillars of the economy of the state. In this way, many industries have been established in Madhya Pradesh on the basis of agricultural crops like cotton, sugarcane, soybean, oilseeds, pu…

What are the various causes of origin of earthquakes . Write something about 2001 earthquake of Kutch.

Earthquake is made up of two words Earthquake means Earthquake refers to the vibration of the Earth, which is caused by the Earth's endogenous force or external causes. In simple words, we can say that stirring in the crust of the earth is called an earthquake. The root cause of the earthquake is the dissolution of the Earth's equilibrium state. Often earthquakes occur on the basis of weak and disorganized crusts. We can see the reasons for the origin of the earthquake as follows-
(1) Volcanic action- The action of volcano and earthquake is interconnected i.e. earthquake must come with the origin of the volcano. During the volcanic action, the vapor appears from the bottom part of the surface, then a strong vibration is produced on the earth's crust due to which the earthquake Come. This is what caused the 1968 earthquake in Sicily Island.
(2) Fault - There is a correlation between the action of various geological movements and earthquakes. The fault occurs on the earth due …

The tribal areas of Madhya Pradesh and their problems.

Madhya Pradesh is the state with the highest tribal population in the country. Tribal areas are divided into three parts for the purpose of territorial distribution and systematic study. These tribal areas are-

(A) Eastern Tribal Territories - The tribes live in this region up to 14-15% of the state's population. The tribal districts in this part are Sidhi, Shahdol, Anuppur, Umaria and Katni etc.
The tribes of this region have a relatively high percentage of education. The major tribes of this region are:
1 Kol Tribe- This is the main tribe of this region, which is found around the plateau of Rewa. Their subcastes are Gohia, Rautela etc.
2 Oraon - is a tribe of Shahdol and Anuppur.
3 Kanwar - Sidhi and Shahdol
4 Birhor-Sidhi and Singrauli region.

B) The Central Tribal Region inhabits 24% of the total tribal population. In which the districts of Betul, Harda, Chhindwara, Seoni, Balaghat, Mandla, Hindouri etc. are included. The two major Gand Ajatis are Rajgoud and Dhur Gound. The followin…

What were the causes of failure of the Revolt of 1857 and throw light on its importance.

In the revolution of 1857, all classes of people gave their support for independence, but this revolution failed. Historians give the following reasons for the failure of this revolution-
(1) Flare-up of revolution before the fixed date - Laxmibai, Nanasaheb, Tatya Tope, Azimullah Khan, etc. revolutionaries started a revolution on 31 May Planned to do. All this on this day freed the prisoners and killed the British officers and killed the British arms and There was a plan like looting the government exchequer, but at the same time, on March 24, Mangal Pandey started a revolution by taking charge and opposing the fat cartridges. Apart from Bengal, this revolution started in Delhi, Meerut, Kanpur, Allahabad, Banaras, etc. before the scheduled time, which became the main reason for the failure of 1857.
(2) Local form of revolution- Revolution of 1857 was limited to Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, and some other areas. It did not spread throughout the nation. The revolution of 1…

Discuss the socio-economic causes of the French Revolution of 1789.

The French Revolution of 1789 AD was not an accidental event but a result of the changes taking place in France. Many social and economic reasons were responsible for the French Revolution, which is as follows:
Social reasons
Many social causes were also responsible for the revolution of France, the main of which were the following:
1. The basis of society was the privileged class and inequality - here the old feudal system was prevalent. There was an atmosphere of extreme inequality in the whole society. In the words of Remgemeier, "The French Generation of the Revolution of Feudalism - against the anti-social order, class privileges, autocratic rule and bureaucracy, and the principles and principles of equality and right of human beings. On the basis of human society was the form of realization of the effort of innovation.
2. Rights of the feudatories: The nobles arranged for themselves in their jagirs in the furnace of sharava, flour mills. Milling of grains was done by them only. …

Throw light on the literary contributions of Jagnik.

Jagnik has an important place in the poets of the Veeragatha period of folk literature. His time was believed to be between the 11th and 12th centuries. Jagnik was a court poet of King Parmar Chandel of Kalinjar and was a contemporary of Adi poet Chandbardayi of Hindi. Jagnik composed "Parmar Raso" and "Allhakhand". Although this poetry was not available in writing, it continued to be popular by surviving oral traditions.
"Alhakhand" belongs to the dynasty of Mahoba in which there is a story of 2 feudatories named Alha and Udal. The king himself was Bhiru and infirm, but his wife Malhna joined the war with the help of these heroes. At the end of the book, there is a compassionate scene All the heroes are killed and the queens become sati.
52 war in Alhakhand is described in the Ojmi style. From this point of view, it is the longest folk tale in the world. Full of gallantry and makeup Some of the poems of this poem are as follows- Live twelve years of poultry,…

Describe the World Heritage Sites of Madhya Pradesh in brief.

Madhya Pradesh, the heartland of India, is a prosperous state in terms of historical religious and natural tourist destinations. Three sites of the state are listed in the World Heritage List, while one is proposed. The World Heritage Sites of Madhya Pradesh are as follows-
(1) Khajuraho- The temples of Khajuraho located in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh were built by the Chandela kings between 950-1050 AD. Initially their number of (temples) was 85, which is currently 25. Here forever The temples related to Vaishnavism and Jainism have been built with sandstone. Kandaria Mahadev Temple, 64 Yogini Temple, Chaturbhuj Temple and Parvarnath Temple etc. are prominent. It was included in the World Heritage List in 1986.
(2) Located in the Stupa-Raisen district of Sanchi, Sanchi was formerly known as Buddhist Shreep Parvat. There are three stupas which were constructed by Emperor Ashoka and the railings around were built by Shringa rulers. The Buddhist University was established here i…

Discuss the social and educational contributions of Ramkrishna Mission in detail.

Ramakrishna Mission was founded by Swami Vivekananda on 1 May 1897 at a place called Belur in Bengal. The purpose of the establishment of the mission was to do social welfare works including providing health services, helping people in times of disaster like plague epidemic, upliftment of villagers and tribals, etc. Apart from the above social welfare works, Ramakrishna Mission has made a special contribution in the field of education. Many branches of the Ramakrishna Mission are working in the entire country, especially in women education. Many schools are being run by Universities, colleges, technical training centers are also being operated by the mission. Five years after the founding of the Ramakrishna Mission (July 4, 1902), Swami Vivekananda died, but in pursuance of his statement "Get up, wake up and do not stop until the goal is achieved", his followers social and The academic work continued uninterrupted which is also currently relevant.

Who was Kunwar Singh?

Kunwar Singh is one of the leading leaders of the first freedom struggle of 1857. Kunwar Singh was a zamindar of a place called Jagdishpur in Bihar whom British policies had brought the situation to bankruptcy. Hence, they were opposed to British rule. Kunwar Singh himself did not formulate any plan, but as soon as the squad of rebel soldiers reached Ara from Dimapur, Kunwar Singh joined them, and even at the age of seventy, he provided efficient leadership to the soldiers. Kuwar Singh continued to struggle with the British for almost 1 year. Despite his ripe age, he appeared quite agile and did not let the British know where he was until the end. He was martyred on 9 May 1858, but in the Indian history, he attained immortality forever.।।

What is 'economic drain' and discuss its causes,

The economic exploitation was characteristic of British policy, sending India's wealth and resources to Britain and not receiving sufficient physical or economic benefits for India. Between 1870 and 1905, Indian intellectuals analyzed the policies of the British government and exposed India's "economic exploitation". Dadabhai Naoroji, R.K. C. Dutt and Govind Ranade are the main ones. The economic exploitation of India began in 1757 from Bengal. Out of 1758, between 1765 and 6 million pounds of property was sent to Britain. After 1765 civil rights, the company started exporting by purchasing Indian goods only from the revenue of Bengal. Thus by the end of the 18th century, about 9 per cent of the Indian national income received was being sent to Britain. This type of economic exploitation was also accepted by the British authorities. For example, John Sullivan, the chairman of the Madras Board of Revenue, remarked - "Our system acts like a sponge, which absorbs r…

Describe the public welfare activities of Firozshah Tughluq.

Answer- Ferozeshah Tughlaq (1351-1388) tried to satisfy the public with his public welfare policies, the Kadvi legacy received from Mohammad Tughlaq.

Following are the public welfare works of Ferozeshah

(1) For the sake of economic-financial reform, he abolished 24 types of taxes and applied only four types of taxes jiziya, zakat, khamj, khirat.

(2) He took 1/3 to 1/5 of the land revenue survey conducted which was 6 crore 85 lakhs taka annual.

(3) Ferozeshah Tughlaq planted 1200 fruit orchards, built five big, canals. Yamuna canal is one of these canals.

(4) Ferozeshah established the "Diwan-e-Dastahar" for "Diwan-e-Khairat" pension for poor and orphans.

(5) Ferozeshah established a free hospital called "Darulshafa" for the poor.

(6) Ferozeshah established about 300 cities like Ferozepur, Ferozabad and Hisar Feroz etc.

(7) Ferozeshah translated many (about 1300) Sanskrit texts into Arabic, Persian to understand the ancient Indian culture.
Due to this kind of publi…

The political conditions of Northern India during sixth century.

We can see the 6th-century political system as follows. 6th century BC There were 16 Mahajanapadas in which two types of the political situation are seen -
(1) Monarchical,  (2) republican
Under the monarchical system, different types of monarchy callings are found, according to the texts, there was mention of five types of kingdoms, food, self-rule, quietness, and state. Was different. The rulers of Magadha and Kalinga were called emperors and they were crowned for the coronation empire. The kings of the south were called bhojas While the king of the western region was called Swarajya. Under the monarchical system, the king wore large titles. There was a council of ministers to assist the king and the king used to perform big sacrifices to increase his power.
The republican political system was different from the monarchy in which the power was shared on a level of equality among all the members. Under the republican system, the king held large titles, all the members gathered in big insti…

Give the status of India's public debt after 1991 economic reforms.

Since independence, the year 1991 proved to be a milestone in India's economic history. Earlier, the country was in a severe economic crisis It was passing and this crisis forced the policymakers of India to implement the new economic policy. Crisis arose This situation prompted the government to formulate policies aimed at bringing price stabilization and structural reforms. The policies were intended to correct weaknesses, thereby correcting the fiscal deficit and the inverse balance of payments. Structural reforms Had removed the rigid rules, due to which reforms were also implemented in various sectors of the Indian economy and these policies The result is that today India could also help a world-class institution like the International Monetary Fund.
Main objectives of the new economic policy of 1991
The main reason behind the inauguration of new economic policy by the then Union Finance Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh in 1991 The objective is as follows.
I. Along with ushering the India…

Throw light on the Flag Satyagraha Movement ofMadhya Pradesh.


Flag Satyagraha Flag Satyagraha was a peaceful civil disobedience movement of the freedom struggle of India in which people were hoisting flags everywhere under their right to hoist the national flag. This movement took place mainly in 1923 Nagpur, but in other places in India, there were movements at different times. M.P. Flag of satyagraha The center was Jabalpur. Jhanda Satyagraha In March (1923), the local authorities had started a tussle over the flag hoisting of the tricolor in Jabalpur. It was a time of political examination for the local leadership. The tussle started when the Congress members flagged the municipal building on 8 March 1923 On making waves, the European Deputy Commissioner got angry and ordered to take down the flag. As a result, the flag movement started. The official Defiance of ban Sharma went to six. The Satyagrahis were prosecuted, with imprisonment for a month of Pandit. Later, the ce…

Give a brief account of the Birsa Munda Movement.

British policies negatively affected almost all sections of the Indian public. Which included the tribal class as well. The revolt of the Munda tribals took place between 1899-1900, which was led by Birsa Munda. There was a trend of mass farming among the Munda tribesmen, which got hurt due to British policies. Virsa was born in 1874 into a family with sharecropping. In 1895 Birsa declared himself the messenger of God. Thousands of tribals started coming to see him and sleep. Soon this religious movement became a political movement of agricultural laborers. Birsa wandered from village to village and worked to arm the tribals and in 1899 a revolt was announced to establish the rule. Plans were made to attack contractors, jagirdars and moneylenders as well as instructed not to raise their hands on poor non-tribals. About 6 thousand Mundas came with Birsa, armed with arrows and swords, axes. Birsa was arrested in early February 1900 and died in prison in June 1900. Thus the Munda Rebelli…

Discuss the nature and significance of Din-i-Elahi.

Along with being an imperialist ruler, Akbar was also striving for the prosperity and peace of his empire.  The "Din-i-Ilahi" vote by him in 1582 AD is an example of his coordinating religious policy.  The priest of "Deen-e-Ilahi" was 'Abul-Fazl', whoever wanted to become a member of it, would go on Sunday and put his turban in the foot of the emperor and the emperor would give him a scholar on which "Allah-o-Akbar"  It is written that he would have become a member of Deen-e-Ilahi. A member of Deen-e-Ilahi used to be in his lifetime. Child marriage was forbidden. It was compulsory to observe 10 virtues. From yoke and alcohol  Had to stay away. The emperor had to be ready to emit his property honor. Din-e-Ilahi was not a new religion but a religious path based on the common truth of all religions.  The literal meaning of Din-i-Ilahi is "the religion of worship of one God".  Its aim was to create unity among Indians and to feast on the dea…

The socio-economic background of the rise of Buddhism in India.

Buddhism not only spread in India with great intensity but also spread in many countries of the world. Buddhism spread to countries like Sri Lanka, Japan, Java, Sumatra etc. Since the time of Mahatma Buddha, Buddhism has been steadily propagated and its propagation had reasons for religious, social, economic and kings, the details of which can be seen below.

Social reasons - The post-Vedic period was a period of decline from the point of view of society where on the one hand the varna system (Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras) emerged in the society due to which there was a decline in the status of the Shudras and untouchability, untouchability towards the Shudras in the society. The practices included the Shudras did not have the right to education, Upanayana, and the right to Yagyas. Apart from these circumstances, the condition of women declined in the later Vedic period. Now women do not have the right to education, upanayana, to see women In all the Brahmin texts citing the re…

Write a note on the Malwa plateau.- mains questions

Malwa plateau fame by the nickname of 'Hoon ka Bhandar' in the western part of Madhya Pradesh and north of Namenda river from 22 ° 17.  25 ° 8 lies between the northern latitudes and 7420 'to 79 ° 20' east longitude.  This plateau made of lava soil is named very  Palava was named after the pura-historical caste.  Under this plateau, Indore, Dewas, Ujjain, Ratlam, Madasaur, Dhar, Jhabua, Alirajpur,  The districts of Bhopal Sehore, Raisen, Vidisha, Guna, Sagar etc. come.  The area of ​​this plateau covered by rocks of Deccan Trap is 88,222 sq.  Kilometers.  Chambal, Kshipra, Kalisindh, Parvati, Betba are the main rivers of this region.  Mud and lime dissolved soil was found here  Goes, which is very fertile.  The climate of the Malwa plateau is generally equable.  Here in summer there is neither too much heat nor in winter.  Rain 75 cm.  From 125 cm  Varies between  The major forest produce of this region are teak, semal, sal, haldu, tendupatta, salai cree wood etc.  is.  It is …

Describe the geographical features of Bundelkhand plateau

The Bundelkhand plateau is located in the northwest of the state. This plateau made of granite-wall is in the east of the plateau of Madhya Bharat and It is situated between 24 ° 6 to 26 ° 22 'north latitude and 77 51' to 80 ° 20 'east longitude north of the Rewa-Panna plateau. This belt is Under Chhatarpur, Tikamgarh, Datia, most of the districts, and some parts of Shivpuri, Panna, Satna, Guna fall.  23,733 sq Rivers Betwa, Dhawan, Cane, Sindh, etc. flow in this plateau area.  The soil of this region is black and red soil is composed of a mixture of which lacks fertility. Voice, the influence of continental ache on the climate of the Sundalkhanad plateau is clearly unambiguous.  Here the average rain is 75 mm. In this plateau, there are hot dry deciduous forests.  These include teak, Seja, sal, tendu, Khar, Naam, maha  Trees are found.  The major crops of this region are wheat and jowar.  Apart from this, crops of pulses and oilseeds are also grown here.  There is a substant…