The tribal areas of Madhya Pradesh and their problems. - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

The tribal areas of Madhya Pradesh and their problems.

Madhya Pradesh is the state with the highest tribal population in the country. Tribal areas are divided into three parts for the purpose of territorial distribution and systematic study. These tribal areas are-





(A) Eastern Tribal Territories -
The tribes live in this region up to 14-15% of the state's population. The tribal districts in this part are Sidhi, Shahdol, Anuppur, Umaria and Katni etc.
The tribes of this region have a relatively high percentage of education. The major tribes of this region are:
1 Kol Tribe- This is the main tribe of this region, which is found around the plateau of Rewa. Their subcastes are Gohia, Rautela etc.
2 Oraon - is a tribe of Shahdol and Anuppur.
3 Kanwar - Sidhi and Shahdol
4 Birhor-Sidhi and Singrauli region.

B) The Central Tribal Region
inhabits 24% of the total tribal population. In which the districts of Betul, Harda, Chhindwara, Seoni, Balaghat, Mandla, Hindouri etc. are included. The two major Gand Ajatis are Rajgoud and Dhur Gound. The following tribes are found here-
1 Gound - This is the most prominent tribe in the region and the largest in India and the second largest tribe in the state, which is mainly inhabited in the Narmada Valley.
2 Baiga- This is a special backward tribe of the state. Its progenies Narolia, Marotiya, Bhartia, Nahar, Raimena, Kathmaina etc. Banga are mainly found in Shahdol, Umaria, Anuppur Mandla, Dindori etc.
Are those who do transferred agriculture.
3 Korku- They reside in Hoshangabad, Harda, Chhindwara.
4 Bhariya - Bharia M.P. of Patalkot (Chhindwara) Tamian Hills Is a special backward tribe.
(C) Western Tribal Area - One-third of the population of the state resides in the Western tribal region. Here the districts of Dhar, Jhabua, Alirajpur, Barwani, Khandwa, etc. and north and northwest region
The Sahariya tribe is also included. The major tribes are-
1 Bhil-Bhil is the main tribe of this region. The Bhils are the largest tribe in the state, residing mainly in the districts of Jhabua, Alirajpur, Dhar, Barwani, etc. Bhilala is a subcaste of the Bhil tribe
Barella, and Pateria. Such Bhils who had converted to Islam were called Tadvi. Wearing arrows is a major tradition of Bhils.
2 Sahariya - This is a special backward tribe of the North West, which resides in the districts of Shivpuri, Guna, Gwalior etc.
M.P. The problems of tribes spread across different regions of the state are also almost same. Poverty under the main tribal problems of the state
Suffering, lack of education, lack of awareness, grappling with the problem of displacement and resettlement, rigidity of government schemes in tribal areas
Non-implementation, economic exploitation, protection of religious beliefs from modern influences, etc. exist many problems, which can be
It is yet to be resolved.

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