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Major Biotechnology Research Institutes of India-

The Department of Biotechnology in India was established in 1986. Major Biotechnology Research Institutes of India-
1 Center for DNA Finger Printing & Diagnostic (Hyderabad) 2 Center of Cellular and Molecular Biology (Hyderabad) 3 National Botanical Research Institute (Lucknow) 4 Central Drug Research Institute (Lucknow) 5 International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (Delhi) 6 Indian Council of Agricultural Research (Delhi) 7 Institute of Himalayan Bio Resource Technology (Palampur, Himachal Pradesh) 8 Institute of Plasma Research (Ahmedabad) 9 Rajiv Gandhi Center for Biotechnology (Trivandrum) 10 Bioformatics Distributed Information Center (Pune)

What is neno technology. Some uses of this technology

The application of very small things is studied under nanotechnology. Possible to control matter at nanometer scale level using chemistry through nanotechnology would be able to. Through this, products of highly developed and functional capacity will be made. Thus with the help of engineering in nanotechnology, the mechanisms functioning at the molecular level are created. It can also be used in other fields of science, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science and engineering. Nano technology has immense potential in the field of biotechnology.
Utility
Nanotechnology can prove to be quite useful in the utility of biomolecules. Drugs derived from bioresources (such as plants) (due to low solubility, low permeability, and asthenia) are not useful in their true form. For this reason, the chemical elements found in medicines (anticancer, anti-inflammatory) are not used in the entire way. With the help of nanotechnology, the bioavailability and permeability of biomolecules can b…

What is Bio-diversity ? Explain its importance and step for conservation

Biodiversity is called Biodiversity in English, which is made up of two words. Bio means 'Jiva' and Diversity means diversity. Therefore, biodiversity refers to the earth. Are from the diversity of life. In simple terms, biodiversity is the number and diversity of organisms found in a certain geographical area. It is related to types of plants, animals and microbes. His genetics are from the ecosystem he created. It deals with the variability of living organisms found on Earth, variability in the same species and different species, and diversity from different ecosystems. Biodiversity is a livestock wealth that grows after millions of years.
Importance of Biodiversity - Biological diversity is very important for us, because it is very helpful in the development of human culture. On the other hand, humans have contributed a great deal in maintaining natural diversity at genetic, ethnic and ecological levels. Biodiversity has three main roles which are ecological, economic and sci…

Discuss briefly Rutherford atomic model

Eminent Rutherford, the famous chemist and physicist, who is considered the father of nuclear physics, in 1911 AD, proposed this atomic model. According to this model
(1) The entire weight and mass charge of an atom is contained in the center of the atom which is called the nucleus of the atom. The nucleus has a diameter of 10 "cm. In this all the protons are present.
(2) Electrons are distributed in spaces around the nucleus. Since the atom is neutral, the number of protons and electrons is the same.
Rutherford bombarded alpha particles on a 100 nm (100 nanometer) thin foil of gold. Photographic plates were placed around the gold foil coated with fluorescent material (ZnS, zinc sulfide). When he showered Alpha Karnes on gold foil, the following results were obtained-
1. Most of the alpha particles escaped from the gold sheet without being deflected. 2. The low fraction of alpha particles is deflected from a very low angle. 3. Very few particles (1 of 20000) returned from the same path…

What is 'TRIPS' agreement ?

Trips (trade related Intellectual Property Rights) is an international treaty governed by the World Trade Organization, which sets minimum standards for intellectual property rights. In 1994 it was fixed at the end of the eighth cycle of the GATT (Uruguayan cycle). It is one of the many agreements reached during the time of the World Trade Organization.
TRIPS discusses seven types of intellectual property rights -
1. The right to obtain and relate copy (corpite and related right 2. Trade Mark 3., geographical presentation 4. Industrial Design 5. Paint 6. Integrated Circuit Design 7. Protection of unpublished information
Intellectual property rights are the product of human mind. The countries of the world have been protecting their laws for centuries by making their own laws. In 1995, the World Trade Organization was formed. TRIPS is an agreement of this organization. All the countries that are members of the World Trade Organization have to obey it and make their laws accordingly. Actually TR…

What is remote sensing technology and how does it work ?

Remote sensing is a method by which information related to the Earth's surface is collected and recorded. The method used in this is not directly related to surface movements. Remote sensing techniques include photography infrared imagery and radars of aircraft, satellites and spacecraft. Aircraft and satellites are its two main planes, but in the current scientific perspective, it means taking a picture of a terrain of the Earth from a platform in the sky (eg airplanes, satellites or balloons). It is such an advanced mode through which the study of the earth's surface forms and resources without any physical contact at the height is studied by scientific method. goes. The technique of remote sensing is mainly divided into two types, active and passive, depending on the nature of the sensor. mostly Sun active sensors by passive sensors are those that generate electromagnetic radiation by themselves and Throwing saws of the earth and recording reflected rays. Aerial photographs an…

The purpose of CSIR in the field of scientific research and development

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is India's largest research and development institute on science and technology. The 'Council of Scientific and Industrial Research' (CSIR) was established in the year 1942. It has 39 laboratories and 50 field stations spread across India. More than seventeen thousand Employees work. Although it is financed by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India, it is still an autonomous body. It is registered under the Indian Society Registration Section 1860. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research is a multi-locational network of national laboratories / institutes whose mandate is to initiate research and development projects with emphasis on applied research and utilization of its results in various fields of science and technology. There are currently 39 research institutes including five regional research laboratories.
Its main objectives are:
Converting / developing Nistads' technical knowle…

What is Bluetooth technology?

Bluetooth is a protocol for wireless (wireless) communication. Devices such as mobile phones, laptops, computers, printers, digital (digital) cameras, and video games can exchange information by connecting to each other through it. Devices use radio waves to connect. Bluetooth was originally developed to reduce the number of cables (cables) connecting computers to other devices. Bluetooth can be used only for a relatively short distance, even just a few meters. Bluetooth is a technique for establishing wireless connections between two electronic devices such as mobile phones, computers, laptop digital cameras, printers, etc. That is, it is a wireless technology that connects various electronic devices without a wire, that is, without the Internet, the data is transferred from one device to another using short-wavelength radio transmission or waves. Through this, the devices are an English translation of the word interconnect or the Swedish word blatand. The name Bluetooth is derived fr…

What is DNA Finger-printing ?

Variations in the basic genetic material (DNA) of different individuals or organisms can be observed with the help of DNA fingerprinting technology. DNA of members of species of different organisms. a. Formats vary. This is the reason why the fingerprint of the other person does not match in any person of the population except identical twins. One person differs from another due to DNA. Fingerprinting of DNA identifies areas in the DNA that indicate any amount of variation from one person to another.
The same type of DNA images are obtained from all the cells of a person's body, whether they are from blood or skin or from sperm or hair, these strip images are called DNA fingerprints. DNA fingerprinting was first developed by Alec Geoffrey in 1984 The usefulness of DNA finger-printing has proved to be important in many areas and has been a boon for resolving court disputes. Disputed parenthood can be described by this. The culprits can be identified. To find out the biological father…

What is haemophilia?Write a note on haemophilia

- Haemophilia is a genetic disease in which blood flowing outside the body does not accumulate, due to which it can prove to be fatal in injury or accident. According to experts, the cause of this disease is a blood There is a deficiency of protein. What is called the clotting factor is that it stops the flow of blood clots by flowing.
The number of patients suffering from this disease is very less, in this disease, due to a slight injury in any part of the patient's body, a large amount flows and the patient can also die. The disease is caused by a deficiency of a substance called thromboplastin in the blood. The clot does not form due to its absence in the blood.
Symptoms-
(1) Making blue marks in the body (2) bleeding from the nose (3) bleeding inside the eye (4) joint swelling
Treatment- It is good to keep giving blood transfusions again and again. 100 cubic cm in excessive bleeding. Blood transfusion is given at a difference of 8 hours. Thrombin powder is of importance for spatial tre…

What is Nuclear fallout ?write its effects

-Nuclear test or nuclear weapon test is an experiment used to test the effectiveness, productivity, and explosive capacity of nuclear weapons designed and manufactured. Nuclear testing provides many information such as - How does this nuclear weapon work? How do results in different situations? The building And what other structures behave after the use of these weapons.
Effect- Through both far-reaching and fastest effects of nuclear testing, it can be seen that the sites where the nuclear tests are carried out almost exhaust the fertility power and show its negative impact on the means of livelihood of the people there. At the same place, where the nuclear test is conducted, it also has the opposite effect on the animals and animals living there. While another nuclear test is important from the point of view of modernity, it can also prove fatal for animals, trees, plants and humans.
Nuclear test types - Nuclear tests are of four main types - (1) aerial testing, (2) underwater testing,…

What is meant by biodiversity? When do we celebrate International Biodiversity Day? Describe the technologiesused for propagation and genome conservation in a givenecosystem.

Biodiversity, also known as biological diversity, is a collection of different types of flora and animals that live or spread in the same particular area. The richer the biodiversity, the more organized and balanced our environment will be. Different types of flora and fauna also contribute to make the earth habitable. Biodiversity is also behind human life. This is because the needs of different animals and plants are the same. Help to do the basics.
According to an estimate, there are about 300,000 vegetation and similar animals on the earth, including birds, fish, mammals, insects, cimps etc. Our home earth was discovered about 450 million years ago and scientists believe that life on Earth started 350 million years ago. Many flora and animal species have gone extinct in the last few centuries and many are on the verge of extinction in the coming times. This is a danger signal for biodiversity. It is past that he does not even want to understand its consequences. From the point of vie…

What is Information Technology Discuss various means used in Information Technology. Mains question on science and technology

Information technology is a concept with technical terminology, which underlines the development of the network of information through innovative technology. The technical cause of all language structures is an integral part of information technology.
According to the US report, information technology is defined in these words - Information technology means the collection, storage, processing, dissemination and use of information. It is not limited only to hardware or software, but the importance of man for this technology. And achieving the goal set by him is the value inherent in the making of these choices, the criteria used to decide whether human is controlling technology and thereby increasing its knowledge.
According to UNESCO the definition of information technology - information technology, "is a scientific, technological and engineering subject and the processing of information, They have application management techniques. Commuter and his interaction with human and machin…

What do you mean by Information Technology? Highlight the specific provisions given in the InformationTechnology Act, 2000.

Receipt of data related to the information collection, security, change, exchange, study design, etc. functions and computer hardware and software and applications required for the execution of these tasks, information Technology is the basis of a computer-based information system, information technology has become an integral part of commerce and business in present times. Communications As a result of the revolution, now electronic communication is also being considered as a major component of information technology and it is also called information and communication technology.
The Information Technology Act-2000-Information Technology Act was introduced on 9 January 2000. In the General Assembly to the United Nations on January 30, 1997, Proposal Number 51/162, the Model Manual of Information Technology, known as the United Nations Commission of International Trade Law. After the introduction, it became mandatory to introduce. The United Nations has given equal importance to the use …