In the context of the Code of Charan, in Indian circumstances in 1930, an attempt has been made by the British rule in a narrow perspective. After World War II, when the concept of welfare state all over the world adopted and the bureaucracy played large roles in the supply of goods to the citizens, such as education, health transportation etc. There is an increase in corruption due to the supply of goods by the administration on the subject matter. In the 50s, efforts were made to adopt a code of conduct all over the world. Under Article 309 of the Indian Constitution, the President is empowered to make necessary rules for public servants. To ensure fairness and administrative morality among public servants, the All India Service Act and the All India Rules were circulated by the Central Government in 1957. But the Santhanam Committee (on Prevention of Corruption), set up in 1962, decreased the patriotism and moral enthusiasm among the youth in the country. Moral
Lack of enthusiasm is the only factor that does not develop integrity in public services. For this reason, this committee suggested that In order to make the rules of conduct in the public service more stringent, a comprehensive and multi-pronged conduct rule was adopted in 1964, at the central level in view of all the above rules at the suggestion of this committee, in which the officers have to do what and what not to do. Clearly defined. It usually includes aspects such as not taking bribe, not taking expensive gifts, not giving donations etc. Following are the major rules of the code of conduct relating to Indian public servants.
1. Duties of duty with full devotion As per the rules of conduct, every public servant should perform his duties with integrity, honesty and honesty.
2. Political neutrality and impartiality - Public servants in India to participate in political activities, make donations, subscribe to any party and promote any party. There is a restriction. Therefore, public servants are expected to introduce politically and socially neutrality and impartiality in their functioning.
3. Restrictions on public criticism - According to the Code of Conduct rules, public servants cannot publicly criticize government programs and policies. They have the right to make only formal statements to the press or media.
4. Ban on donations - Public servants cannot give any kind of donation to any political party nor can they spend money for publicity of any political party.
5. Rules for taking gifts According to the rules of conduct, no public servant can accept gifts or gifts in excess of the limits prescribed for weddings, birthdays and other events. If any gift or gift in excess of the prescribed limit is taken by a public servant, then the details of the gift should be given to the government immediately.
6. Property rules - Under the property rules, every government employee should give the details of his movable and immovable property to the government before joining the government service. Details of assets acquired each year are required. Apart from this, transactions of property in excess of the prescribed limit can be done only with the prior approval of the government.
7. Prohibition on private trade - Public servants are prohibited from doing private business. No public servant can do any type of business directly or indirectly. Literary, artistic only
With unpaid prior approval of the government in activities, one can work on the condition that there will be no hindrance in the discharge of his government service / obligation.
8. Prohibition of promotion of private goods or trade. No public servant can participate in any competition event organized by private company or institutions whose main purpose is their goods or trade.
9. Prohibition on betting - Public servant and other members of his family cannot betting on any kind.
10. Restrictions on appointment of close relatives According to the code of conduct rules, no public servant can appoint his family and close relatives in his department.
11. Absolute Ethnic Conduct - The government employee can follow or practice any religion in his personal life, but cannot act in public office, which would hurt the secular nature of the state.