What has been the contribution of Open Universities in extension of higher education in India? Write in detail.
Concept of Open Universities - The National Institute of Open Education was established with the objective that people have an opportunity for easy access to school education and skill development with sustainable inclusive studies. The institute also conducts training and capacity development programs of Open and Distance Education officials along with research in open education.
Open University India, UK And is working in other countries. The admission enrollment policy in these universities is open or relaxed. That is, to allow students to enter the graduate level programs mostly
The requirement of their prior educational qualifications is not construed.
Open universities offer flexible course options that can be taken by entrants who do not have any formal qualifications, but are of the required age (18 years for the first-degree course) and have also passed the written entrance exam. These courses can also be taken at the convenience of the student. Open University undergraduate course, postgraduate, M.Phil, Ph.D. And also offers diploma and certificate courses, most of which are career-oriented. The first open university in India, Indira Gandhi National Open University School (IGNOU), was established in 1985 through the Act of Parliament, so that all sections of society, who need it, can be given high quality at various levels. , To provide good education by offering innovation and need-based programs. IGNOU is headquartered in New Delhi.
Apart from IGNOU, there are currently 13 open universities and 75 regular universities, and many other institutions in India for distance study programs.
Therefore, it can be said that Open Universities are continuously expanding opportunities for higher education and democratizing education by making it inclusive.