The regional imbalances and migration in India - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Friday, August 28, 2020

The regional imbalances and migration in India

There is no doubt that India is one of the fastest-growing economies today, but it is also true that among many problems, rising regional inequality and migration are also major problems. In fact, regional inequality should also be linked to migration because people in areas where there will be unemployment, less means of income, no basic amenities, will migrate to urban convenience areas. Hence the problem of regional inequality and migration is interlinked. At the time of independence, there were wide disparities between different sectors, which could be clearly seen in the area of ​​per capita income, per capita consumption, education and healthcare employment and infrastructure, etc. Privatization Liberalization In the era of globalization, inequality of all kinds has increased. The disparity between rich and poor, between industry and agriculture, between the countryside has increased.

What is Migration ?

 The migration of the population from one area to another is called migration. Migration is generally of two types. Permanent migration and temporary migration. Temporary migration can be in annual, seasonal, or daily (between two cities) form. Depending on your place of origin and destination, the following types of migration can occur.

R - R to R
R-> U from village to town
U-> U from city to city
U-R from the city to the village

In some cases the population moves from the village to the small city and later to the big city. This can be called gradual migration. Migration impulses due to various attractions of a city
As a result of factors. Some people migrate to cities due to the effects of abjection factors. There are some impulse factors - unemployment, poverty, social
Insecurity, political instability, ethnic conflict, etc. Abjection factors may include better employment opportunities, education, entertainment, health care facilities, business opportunities, etc.

Migration trends in India

Two models of internal migration can be interstate and interstate.
Intra-state migration takes place within state boundaries, while in the context of inter-state migration, individuals cross the border of their state and settle in another state. According to the 1991 census, internal migrants whose the last place of residence and nomination have been designated as rural are classified from village to village. The largest number of rural immigrants are in West Bengal, followed by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, second and third. In 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic a large numbers of workers have been migrated from the developed cities to their villages.

Effect of migration on India's cities-

The migration from rural to metropolitan cities due to non-concomitant urbanization in India has created many serious problems, which are destroying the entire urban environment of the country. Most metros and warnings are growing at a rate of alarm.

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