The Bhopal Gas Tragedy and its causes. - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Monday, September 14, 2020

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy and its causes.

One of the worst industrial accidents in the world occurred in Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh on December 2, 1984, over 15000 people became untimely due to the leakage of poisonous gas called methyl isocyanide (MIC) from a chemical factory of Union Carbide, near Bhopal city, on the intervening night of December 2-3, 1984. Hunted and many Suffered from physical disabilities. This accident, which is counted in the world's industrial disaster, is known as the Bhopal Gas Scandal and the Bhopal Gas Tragedy, but it was indeed a terrible human tragedy, which questioned the scientific achievements of humans as well as human beings. They also refused the claims of keeping the future safe. This untoward accident not only had immediate effects but also has many far-reaching effects such as - after this disaster in the adjacent areas there poisonous waste lying in the factory premises is increasing the inclusion of toxic substances in groundwater. On December 3, 2014, this event completed 30 years but the dispute still continues. There is a major controversy over compensation for gas victims and the disposal of toxic waste. The number of affected settlements increased from 7 to 22 over the years. However, after this tragedy, the state and the Center jointly provided compensation and rehabilitation assistance to the victims of the gas tragedy, which are currently going on.


The Bhopal gas tragedy occurred on December 2-3, 1984 in Bhopal due to leakage of poisonous Methyl ISO Cynate from the gas plant of the American Union Carbide factory in Bhopal. 
Due to the sudden burst of gas, air pollution decreased due to which thousands of people died. In this factory, MIC gas was produced and stored in underground containers for the manufacturing of pesticide chemicals. Due to sudden leakage of MIC gas from these containers, the fetus, newborns, pregnant women, children, birds, animals, birds, etc. were badly affected.

Reasons to the gas tragedy

1 Both safe discharge of the factory (a) Scrubber in which the gas due to Caustic Soda becomes neutral. (a) The Flare towar where the gas burnt off is not employed on that day.

2 Stores where MIC gas storage is done, the refrigeration unit was closed.

3 Water jet was unable to reach a height of 120 'from where MIC gas was coming out.

4 This poisonous gas was being stored in Tanks for two months, contrary to safety regulations.

5 The plant was located in a densely populated area of ​​the old city of Bhopal.

6 The factory administration became active 1 hour after the gas leak.

It is clear from the above description that the Bhopal gas tragedy was a horrific industrial accident, as a result of which thousands of lives instantly slept forever in the lap of untimely death, while its far-reaching effects were evident even after 30 years. Can be seen Due to this, even today many people are forced to live a life of disability, so the problem of disposal of its toxic waste remains, due to its toxic effect, there is a danger of underground and atmospheric pollution. Therefore, with the solution of this problem, efforts should be made to provide complete justice to the victims of the gas tragedy, as well as strict steps are necessary to avoid such horrific industrial accidents in the future, or else human life will remain like this.

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