Special pattern of sex ratio in India and reasons of low ratio - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Tuesday, September 8, 2020

Special pattern of sex ratio in India and reasons of low ratio

Women and men would have equal importance in nation development, so their number must also be equal. That is why nature maintains a co-equilibrium, but in the Indian context, due to orthodox thoughts, dual mentality, there is an inequality in this system by distinguishing between boys and girls. In spite of various efforts and incentives of the Central and State Governments to balance this deteriorating sex ratio, till date, sex testing, female feticide, abortion, etc. have not been banned, due to which the sex ratio in most of the states of India still remains anomalous Has happened, since the population is divided into men and women on the basis of sex. The number of females per 1000 males is expressed as the sex ratio, while the number of females in the same age group as compared to 1000 males in the 0–6 age group in the population is called the infant sex ratio. It is expressed in the number of girls (0-6 years) as compared to every 1000 boys (0-6 years). According to Census 2011, India has 943 females per 1000 males, which is 10 more than in 2001. The sex ratio is 949 in rural areas and 929 in urban areas. Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 1084 in terms of the total population. The lowest (690) sex ratio has been recorded in a rural area of ​​Chandigarh. Similarly, Daman and Diu (551) have the lowest sex ratio in the urban area. Although the sex ratio of India in the 2011 census has been 943 which is the highest since 1971, it is slightly less than the sex ratio of 1961. 29 States and Union Territories have reported improvement in sex ratio, but the sex ratio has improved in the three major states Bihar, Gujarat, and Jammu and Kashmir as compared to the 2001 census.
What is worrying is that despite some improvement in the overall sex ratio in the country, the sex ratio of young children up to six years of age has seen the biggest decline since attaining independence. In the year 2001, the number of girls per thousand boys was 927, but it has come down to a minimum of 919 in the 2011 census. Compared to the last census, only six states have seen an improvement in the sex ratio, while this ratio has decreased in other states and union territories. According to Census Commissioner C. Chandramouli, these figures indicate that boys are preferred over girls in the case of children. Mizoram and Meghalaya have better sex ratios in this age group of children up to six years of age. There it is 970 and 970 of the total. Despite some improvement in the situation of Haryana and Punjab in the northern region, no one
Does not present a pleasant picture. There is currently the lowest sex ratio. | The sex ratio is 834 in Haryana and 846 in Punjab, which is common for states.
Is at the lowest level in comparison. No big deal, this low of girls and the high proportion of boys will further reduce the gap between male and female
Make it bigger. To prevent this, the law to stop feticide must be strictly followed and the daughters will have to be punished harshly for vampiric acts of killing or burying them as soon as they are born.
The child sex ratio has been declining gradually since 1961. In 1961, where 976 girls were behind 1000 boys, there
With the ratio further decreasing. By 2001, 927 girls and in 2011 only 919 girls were left behind per 1000 boys. In this situation the whole world
It has attracted attention and the main reason behind it is being told that there is a growing trend of fetal gender testing and of female fetuses
Selective abortion. Between 2001 and 2011, there was a declining trend in child sex ratio in almost the entire country, which confirms this belief.
That the trend of selective abortion of girl children is increasing. This trend has also spread to areas where the son was preferred in male-dominated Indian society for centuries, and this trend is still there. According to the 2005-06 survey of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), about a quarter of women would prefer sons over daughters, but there would hardly be a woman who would prefer more daughters than sons. Its
In addition, an in-depth analysis of NFHS shows that when a couple wants to limit their family to only two or three children and if their first child is a daughter, then the second child undergoes embryo testing and if the fetus finds a girl in the abortion Increases the probability of.
The PNDT (Antenatal Diagnostic Techniques - Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act was passed in 1994 with a view to check the universal availability of antenatal screening techniques for gender testing. The Act was amended in 2003 to make it more strict. Despite this act and the widespread campaign of 'Girl Child Bachao', the child sex ratio continues to decline, raising concerns that neither the implementation of the law nor the message of the campaign has had any specific effect.

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