Public distribution system refers to the system under which various consumer goods are sold in a reasonable amount to the public, especially the weaker section consumers, at fixed prices. In this system, various commodities (wheat, rice, sugar, imported edible oil, coal, kerosene etc.) are sold through rationed consumer stores. The rate of profit for these vendors is fixed and they have to sell certain prices and certain quantity of goods to the ration holders.
The Government of India introduced the targeted public distribution system in June 1997 with a focus on the poor. Under the Targeted Public Distribution System, the states were required to formulate and implement a robust system of identification of the poor to deliver food grains and distribute them in a transparent and accountable manner at the appropriate store level.
There are three types of ration cards under Public Distribution System - B.V. PL card, APL card and Antyodaya card. Fair price shops, cooperative consumer stores, controlled clothing sales shops, soft books, depots, super markets and kerosene oil distribution systems
The public distribution system is run by the central and state governments. Foodgrains and other items are allocated to the states by the Center and the value of these items is also decided. The state has the right to include transportation expenses etc. in the price fixed by the Center. The transportation, storage, distribution and inspection of goods received under this system is done by the state government. State governments, if they want, other items that they can buy, included in the public distribution system
Under the current Targeted Public Distribution System, the final price is determined by the States / Union Territories considering the margin of the wholesale / retailers, transportation charges, levy, local tax etc.
is. States to set retail issue price for distribution of food grains under the targeted public distribution system except Antyodaya Anna Yojana, in which the final retail price is to be kept at Rs 2 per kg for wheat and Rs 3 per kg for rice. / UTs have been empowered to adopt a flexible approach.
Shop and co-operative are included.