Monday, September 14, 2020

What is Disaster Management?

Disaster means a sudden, destructive event causing extensive physical damage, loss of life, and property. It is an adverse condition that affects human, physical, environmental, and social functioning in a big way. Disaster Management Act, 2005- Disaster refers to a very serious incident in an area that occurs due to natural or anthropogenic reasons or by accident or negligence and in which loss or human suffering or property is damaged or There is heavy environmental degradation. This event is often in the affected area
is more frightening than the ability to cope. Disaster management is the key to the planned use of resources to deal with emergent disasters and to minimize losses from these disasters. Disaster management is an important priority of developed countries and is being upgraded in a completely scientific manner. 

Disaster Prevention - Disaster management is mainly divided into four phases. The first phase is disaster prevention. In this regard, efforts are made to alert the area as soon as possible with the prior notice of the anticipated disaster so that the mass loss can be reduced. The second phase occurs. Preparation to deal with disasters. In this phase, as soon as the accident happens, quick information is sent to all the concerned departments, in case of emergency, the response time is minimized, so adequate means of storage of disaster are maintained. The third step is to deliver relief material to the affected area, such as food, water, medicines, clothes, blankets, etc. last stage. There is a reconstruction of the affected area and rehabilitation of the displaced.

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