Disaster means a sudden, destructive event causing extensive physical damage, loss of life, and property. It is an adverse condition that affects human, physical, environmental, and social functioning in a big way. Disaster Management Act, 2005- Disaster refers to a very serious incident in an area that occurs due to natural or anthropogenic reasons or by accident or negligence and in which loss or human suffering or property is damaged or There is heavy environmental degradation. This event is often in the affected area
Is more frightening than the ability to cope.
Disaster management is the key to the planned use of resources to deal with emergent disasters and to minimize losses from these disasters. Disaster management is an important priority of developed countries and is being upgraded in a completely scientific manner. A nation is developed or developed only on the basis of its economic prosperity or strategic power.
Human life community in very large quantities
Can not be considered. It is necessary to be a developed or developing nation. Basic services like health, transport, communication, education, etc.
To be world-class. These are the standards of development and one of these standards is 'disaster management'.
There are mainly two types of disasters - natural and human-caused. Natural disasters like earthquakes, landslides, drought, flood, tsunami, and cyclones, etc. occur due to nature whereas human disasters are caused by human actions such as road, rail, air, and industrial accidents. Earthquakes are caused by the internal pressure of the earth and their adjustment. Landslides occur due to the sliding of rocks due to gravity, friction, earthquake, rain, and man-made acts. Drought is caused by small amounts of rain. There are mainly three types of drought-related to meteorology, hydrology, and agriculture. More in less time
Due to rain, flooding occurs due to low clay areas and low drainage, especially smooth soil. India is the second most affected country, where it is common during the rainy season. Often a terrible flood occurs every year. Due to which events like loss of life, property damage, health problem and death of humans, etc. occur. Oceans
Due to earthquakes, there are storms (tsunamis). Cyclones occur due to differences in temperature and pressure in the oceans. Bay of Bengal and
The Arabian Sea receives an average of 5 to 6 tropical cyclones every year. Forest fires or forest fires occur in rainy forests or forested trees with long leaves. In the hot and dry regions, forests of coniferous and evergreen big leaf trusses often have a forest fire. Forest fires are hazardous to the environment, agricultural land, animals, and insects. Human disasters are caused by human mistakes such as road, rail, air and industrial accidents.
Disaster Prevention - Disaster management is mainly divided into four phases. The first phase is disaster prevention. In this regard, efforts are made to alert the area as soon as possible with the prior notice of the anticipated disaster so that the mass loss can be reduced. The second phase occurs. Preparation to deal with disasters. In this phase, as soon as the accident happens, quick information is sent to all the concerned departments, in case of emergency, the response time is minimized, so adequate means of storage of disaster are maintained. The third step is to deliver relief material to the affected area, such as food, water, medicines, clothes, blankets, etc. last stage
There is a reconstruction of the affected area and rehabilitation of the displaced.