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What is World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) ?

-WIPO is a global platform for intellectual property services, policy, information, and collaboration. It is a self-financing agency of the United Nations. WIPO, established in 1967, is dedicated to the growth of innovation and creativity through a balanced and effective international intellectual property system for the economic, social, and cultural development of all countries.

The Global Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), with 191 member states, is a United Nations agency dedicated to the use of the intellectual property (patents, copyrights, trademarks, designs, etc.) as a medium to encourage innovation and creativity. Controller of India.
The Auditor-General is the external auditor of the Global Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Geneva since June 2018.

The organization was established as a result of the WIPO Treaty signed in Stockholm in 1967 by 51 countries. The treaty entered into force since 1970. WIPO is headquartered in Geneva. It became the exclusive agency of the United Nations in 1974. Before 1883 industrial property protection the  Paris Treaty was signed in 1886 and the Berne Treaty for the protection of literary and artistic work. Intellectuals combined the two treaties in 1893.
The United International Viewers (BIRPI) was established for the protection of property, which is still legally in existence today. The objective of the WIPO is to encourage the protection of intellectual property (which includes literary, artistic, and scientific works, broadcast pieces, films and photographs, all kinds of inventions, industrial design, and trademarks) and various means of cooperation between states and international organizations. Ensures administrative cooperation between intellectual property associations.

There are two main categories of intellectual property -

1. Copyright and enclosure rights (includes literary, artistic, musical, cinematographic and audio-visual works), and
2. Industrial Estate (It includes inventions, scientific discoveries, industrial design, trademarks, service marks made in all areas of human enterprise and
Commercial names and designations).

The three major areas of activities of WIPO are-

1. Progressive development of international intellectual property law
2. Global conservation systems and services, and;
3. Support for development.
The development and application of international norms and standards for intellectual property protection is a fundamental part of the activities of this organization. By organization
21 treaties (15 related to industrial estates and 6 pertaining to copyright) are administered. It provides training for employees in developing countries,
Encourages a program for the formulation of laws and treaties and the exchange of relevant information for legislators and members. Of this program
The goal is also to provide advice on the acquisition, storage, and dispersal of knowledge and skills. The organization conducts studies on intellectual property and registration services and promotes information technology as a tool for the use and storage of information. It helps member countries in the simplification and harmonization of their intellectual property registration processes.


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