The efforts made by India for the environmental protection - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Friday, August 28, 2020

The efforts made by India for the environmental protection

The Indian Constitution, which was enacted in 1950, was not directly linked to the provisions of environmental protection. The 1972 Stockholm Conference drew the attention of the Indian government towards environmental protection. The Government amended the Constitution in 1976 to add two important Articles 48A and 51A (G). Article 48A directs the State Government to prtotect the forests and wildlife. Article 51A (G) provides duty to citizens to 'protect and promote the natural environment and be kind to all living beings. After Independence, due to increasing industrialization, urbanization and population growth, the environment
Continued decrease. In the context of effective control and pollution in this lack of quality of environment, the government has made several laws and rules from time to time. The main steps which were taken by the indian government are as follows-

The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

Water Cess (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1977

Environment Protection Act. 1986,

Factories Act, 1948,

The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981,

Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951,

Wildlife Protection Act, 1972,

The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980,

Biodiversity Act, 2002, etc.

The above laws related to environment in India were created at a time when environmental pollution was not so widespread in the country. Hence, most of these laws have lost their utility, but still some laws and rules are making their important contribution in environmental protection. India took an initiative and set an example that you can also progress your country by harmonizing with the environment.

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