Ambedkar gave the option of radical change in society. He saw social reform in two ways. First, they fall in the category of family reform, then high, bottom, untouchability, elimination of caste and caste discrimination in the category of social reform. Their
It was believed that without social reform, the rise of true nationalism is not possible. He considered political tyranny to be negligible compared to the social tyranny and social reformer who opposed the society was more courageous than the politician who opposed the government. That is why he raised the old question of social reform versus political consciousness, about which there were two factions in the Indian National Congress and he considered the defeat of the social reform side in Congress as unfortunate.
Ambedkar sharply attacked casteism, Brahminism, untouchability, etc. in Indian society and said that to make fundamental changes in the social system, social reform is not only, but social revolution is also needed. Elimination of the caste system, Dalit revival, and untouchability prevention are at the center of Ambedkar's social thought. From bitter experiences of life, Ambedkar had learned that caste system is the root of social inequality in India. Ambedkar, himself a victim of the caste system, presented a researched assessment on its origin and measures to destroy it. Ambedkar believed that Hindu society based on Varnashram system was created by Hinduism
It is accepted because this system is based on the principle that God has created man from his different organs. The Brahmin is born from the mouth of God, from the Kshatriya arm, from the Vaishya thigh and from the disabled (Shudra) feet. He said that Hindu society has the social prestige of caste and caste according to the prestige of the parts of this divine body. According to Ambedkar, due to the birth of caste, there is no place for a person's work and ability, so in such a system, equality and justice of the person
Can not expect
It was considered a sin to touch a particular person. Taking a sarcasm at the Hindu religion community, he said that the Hindu is famous for his humanistic feelings and his faith in the mere creature. Some people do not even kill venomous snakes, but the question arises that why Hindus, who are generous towards pranamatras including animal bearers, behave so unfairly and mercilessly towards humans (Dalits)? Dr. Ambedkar argued rationally that the caste system had permanently disabled a large number of India. Distressed and agitated by Dalit problem
His contemplative mind always had a question that revolutions against oppression and exploitation took place in other countries of the world, but why did it not happen in India? He also had an answer to his question, and that the lower castes became powerless due to the Chaturvarna system. This class deprived of education, weapons, culture and property cannot revolt
Was. To build a new Indian society based on democratic values, he called for a complete destruction of caste and untouchability. For this, he made several efforts. Ambedkar started an organization called "Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha" with constructive work but later he opposed it to Dalit revival; Made the stage of movement and direct action. Like the Dalits, the status of women in Indian society was like that of slaves. Sati system for the fall of women, child marriage, female slaughter. Widows considered malpractices like prohibition of marriage, and the root of these problems was caste system and Brahminism.