Conscience as source of ethical guidance - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Sunday, September 13, 2020

Conscience as source of ethical guidance

Conscience generally means a particular action of the brain. In which he gives judgment in terms of right and wrong by using intelligence. As such, it is an intellectual decision. It differs from feelings and thoughts in the sense that intellect is not used in emotion-based decisions. This conscience is a practical practice, which develops automatically according to family and social values ​​found in childhood. Likewise, laws also act to keep a person on the moral path, the law is external while the conscience is the inner aspect.

The conscience can also be understood by Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory. According to Freud, the personality of any person is a set by three things and they have classified it. The tendency in this is only to attain happiness and in this stage he does not pay attention to any rationality while giving him the logical means of attaining happiness. But aspects of morality are ignored here. Super Ego performs the task of placing the person on morality and social values ​​and this Super Ego consists of two mechanisms -

1. Conscience - One who gives instructions of a work to be morally right or wrong and when this instruction is disregarded then one feels guilt within that person.

2. Ideal Self - which presents ideal and imaginary images in the brain, what should a person do? People who achieve these ideals
They try to set new standards in society, but a common human ideal is governed by less than self and more than conscience.

The conscience prevailing in human behavior varies according to the situation and personality. We can classify some conscience situations as follows-

1. True / True Conscience When a person has his or her conscience status by following factual information and legal limitations with ethical aspects, it is called true and true conscience because here legal aspects were not neglected during moral responsibilities.

2. Wrong conscience - When the conscience only considers moral aspects and disregards the factual information and legal limits, then this situation is of wrong conscience. A decision based on this conscience would be considered a violation of the code of conduct due to violation of law and a challenge to legal accountability for a public servant arises in this direction, hence this stage should always be avoided.

3. Definite conscience - Such situations when there is no dilemma in front of the conscience and the moral values ​​to be followed are also clear, it is called a fixed conscience. Like e.g. For if speaking of the truth kills a person and in that case speaking untrue would be considered as a conscience.

4. Suspicious conscience - When there is a dilemma in choosing two decisions before the conscience and there is a possibility of both those decisions being wrong, then this situation is of conscience, this situation can be resolved by gathering additional information and facts, Extra and facts are not always available that is why any such occasion comes when decisions are taken on questionable conscience. Whether he is right or wrong will depend on the results.

5. Potential conscience - When there is a dilemma in any of the two decisions before the conscience and there is a fear of wrong of any one, but even then the conscience exhibits an inclination towards one decision, keeping aside the fear of mistake It is called a possible conscience and a particular person's inclination is emotion or any specific information.
Could cause.

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