Examine the problem of malnutrition in India. - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Sunday, September 13, 2020

Examine the problem of malnutrition in India.

In today's time, malnutrition has become a matter of concern for the international community. Even the World Bank has compared it to an epidemic called the Black Death. Which is the 18th century one of the populations of Europe
Swallowed a large portion. The United Nations says that the number of children under five who die due to malnutrition in India every year is more than one million. India is in the worst case of malnutrition in South Asia. Surveys conducted in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh found that even in the poorest areas of the country, children are still hungry.
The reasons are losing their lives. The report says that these deaths can be prevented if further attention is given. The figures the United Nations has found in India are many times more than the international level. The United Nations has described the situation as "worrisome". The Fight Hunger Foundation and ACF India have jointly launched a "Generational Nutrition Program" in India. Describing the program as vice-president of ACF in India, Rajiv Tandon said that malnutrition needs to be seen as a "medical emergency" as well as to formulate better policies and budget for it. Of lobbying. At the same time, he has appealed to the government to take malnutrition as a "mission". ACF
The report states that as much as malnutrition is a problem in India, it has not been seen anywhere else in South Asia. The report reads, "There is a huge burden of extreme malnutrition on Scheduled Tribes (28%), Scheduled Castes (21%), Backward Castes (20%), and rural communities (21%) in India.

In India's growing population, children die due to malnutrition. There are some areas here where malnutrition has become a part of life in away. Children from this area or malnourished children from other areas also survive
If they go, then their body and mind have suffered a lot due to the lack of proper food and nutrition. The development of about 40 million children below the age of 5 years is blocked due to malnutrition. They are unable to study and are soon able to earn a living. Malnutrition
Due to this many of our youth are left behind compared to their equal healthy youth. When this happens, the cycle of poverty goes on. It is estimated that by 2030, the Indian economy will suffer a loss of about $ 46 million due to children whose capacity is not sufficiently developed due to malnutrition.

Despite being a fast-growing economy, India has not been able to find a solution to serious problem like malnutrition. The following figures show the magnitude of the situation in India -

More than one-third of the world's malnourished children live in India.

According to the GHI survey, India ranks 67 out of 80 countries in starvation.

44% of children under age 5 are underweight.
72% of infants suffer from anemia.

These figures of malnutrition in India, which have increased GDP by 50% in the last two decades, are indeed a matter of concern.

Despite schemes like Mid Day Meal, ICDC, PDS being run by the government, the following are the reasons for such a situation in India -

Large sections of the poor do not have access to schemes for social security.

Due to gender inequality, both quantity and quality of food are low as a result of which their children are malnourished.

Reduction in illiteracy and awareness.

Due to religious beliefs, many people do not use protein-rich dairy products, eggs, meat and rely only on pulses.

According to UNICEF, lack of sanitation is also a major cause of malnutrition in India.

Measures to effectively reduce malnutrition

The schemes run by the government will have to ensure the reach of every section of society.

The flaws of PDS have to be filled, social awareness towards malnutrition has to be brought.

There is a need to bring awareness among mothers to overcome malnutrition. It is important to give nutritious and safe food immediately after the birth of your baby, along with mother's milk for six months and thereafter.

Only an aware and educated girl can become a successful mother. For this, issues like girl education, marriage, and conception at a mature age, clean drinking water will have to be worked out. Also, vaccination and availability of nutritious and safe agricultural products throughout the year play a big role.

It has to give priority to national problems. Countries like Brazil have eliminated about 80 percent of malnutrition and inadequate development of children. For this, he kept pace with the ministries. Never ignored the issue to reach the destination. Adopted appropriate procedures to fight it.

Many efforts are being made to eradicate malnutrition in India. Iodized salt, vitamin A and iron supplements deworming twice a year, breastfeeding and large scale food storage, etc. Such measures are being taken, which give positive vision.

A better telecom system can also be used for cleanliness and adequate nutrition. The success of the Swachh Bharat Mission has also taken a step forward in the path of malnutrition. expectation
India will soon be able to get rid of the embarrassing situation of malnutrition.

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