Why Akbar is called a national monarch ? - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Sunday, September 13, 2020

Why Akbar is called a national monarch ?

Among the emperors who have impressed themselves with their victory flag or their personality on the land of India, the Mughal emperor Akbar has got the best and proud place not only in the history of India but in the history of the world. In fact, Humayun was succeeded by his son Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar. Akbar was born (in Humayun's exile period) on October 15, 1542 AD to Humayun's Shia wife Hamida Banu Begum in the palace of King Veerasal of Amarkot in Sindh. At the time of Humayun's death, Akbar along with his mentor Bairam Khan Alexander in Punjab Was busy in the campaign against Sur. Bairam Khan, while presenting foresight, on the same day on the throne of bricks in a garden (14 February 1556 AD).
After completing the coronation ceremony of Akbar, he was declared Emperor.

Although Akbar had many complex problems after the coronation, Akbar has the distinction of being the national emperor of India. During his reign, unity and harmony were established in all areas of political, administrative, social, religious, and cultural, etc. and India emerged as a nation.

Akbar, by his conquering achievements, established a vast empire and also gave him an administrative base. He established the same system of governance throughout his empire. All his systems of provincial governance, revenue system, land system, justice system were the same in the entire empire. All posts in military and civil services
Were equally open to all. Akbar established the heroic Rajput caste by establishing regular relations on the basis of equality with important Rajput states.
Gained active support.
Akbar's other important achievement as a national ruler was the establishment of social and economic unity in the country. He gave equal citizenship and facilities to all his subjects without any discrimination. There was no discrimination between Hindus and Muslims in the area of ​​revenue system or land tax system. In the field of trade or business taxes, religion or caste was not made the basis, nor was there any discrimination in Hindu-Muslim at the time of giving justice or punishment. Akbar took an important step towards social unity by celebrating festivals like Holi, Deepawali, Dussehra, Basant, and Nowroz in the royal court with equal enthusiasm.

To make India a strong nation in the medieval period, the most important requirement was the establishment of religious unity. Akbar separated politics from religion and established a secular state in the country. Despite being a Muslim himself, he followed the ideals of every religion. Not only this, to create an atmosphere of religious unity in the country, but Akbar also called such a fraternal society called 'Din-e-Elahi'
Established, which had admirable elements of all religions and whose doors were open to all without any discrimination. The fourth important requirement for making India a strong nation was the establishment of cultural unity. In order to establish close proximity between Hindus and Muslims in the cultural field, he made Persian the official language of the entire empire. Akbar established a translation department
Of which, under the supervision of many religious, literary, and historical books of Hindus were translated into the Persian language. Emperor Akbar's reign
In the field of architecture, painting, music, etc., national ideologies and ideals were also included.

Undoubtedly, Emperor Akbar was involved in the task of making India a lifelong nation and maintaining unity and goodwill in the country. Therefore, in this view, he was the great national emperor of India.

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