What were the results of First World War - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Thursday, August 20, 2020

What were the results of First World War

After the end of the First World War, its terrible and far-reaching consequences have also been revealed.

Empire disintegration The immediate result of the First World War was that it disintegrated the kingdoms of Germany, Austria and Turkey. The dissolution of these three empires led to the emergence of many new countries in Europe; Yugoslavia, Hungary, Romania
And so on .

Benefit to the Allies The disintegration of these three kingdoms benefited the Allies - ie England, France, etc.. The Allies were victorious, so they annexed the kingdoms of the defeated states. England over Iraq and Palestine and France over Syria and Lebanon intervened to cover the mandate system. A lot of time for these countries to become independent
felt

Russian Revolution - Bolshevik revolution took place in Russia during the First World War and there was a communist government which condemned imperialism and disintegrated the Russian Empire. This equitable government became a headache for western countries and to end it
He did everything possible for him. In fact, this government began to help the subordinate castes at ideological and economic level due to which the capitalist countries were bound to be worried. All the subordinate castes took time towards the Soviet Union for their independence.

The form of capitalism changed: The form of capitalism changed in capitalist countries. During World War I, these countries could not produce military material in large quantities. The main reason for this was that the number of men to work was reduced. Available
Those governments had to take drastic measures to properly distribute the materials. Not only this, the capitalist countries were obliged to allow their colonies to set up industries. The first round of industrialization of India was the result of this policy.

Importance of America increased - European countries dominated as a result of the First World War
Finished . In the First World War, European states had to borrow large amounts of debt from the United States. After this war, the first person outside Europe increased the influence of Woodo Wilson — the President of the United States, and the victorious and victorious nations continued to cry at the Paris Peace Conference. After the First World War, the dominance of the dominant nations — France, England, Germany, etc. — decreased and the influence of the United States and Russia increased in its place.

Industrialization of Japan and other states During the war European nations were unable to send goods to their market as needed. As a result, countries like Japan got the opportunity to industrialize and made their markets to the countries of Asia. Vrajil and Argentina did not get rail parts from England during the war and consequently began to produce themselves. This led to underdeveloped and developed countries outside Europe to develop their industries.

Destruction of humans - In the four years of the First World War, a total of 40 million human beings were killed, six million people were badly injured and forever crippled and defeated. One crore three lakh people were injured in general. Such thrilling massacre
The event did not occur earlier in world history.

Destruction of Wealth - In this fierce war, 32 nations participated on behalf of the Allies and four nations on behalf of Germany. Only fourteen nations of the world remained neutral in this war. According to the great economists of the world, in this great war, fifty thousand five hundred
Crores were spent. The average daily expenditure of this great war was 40 crores and in the last years this expenditure increased to eighty-four crores rupees. Apart from this expense, the destruction of property in the Great War had also reached Rs 1,32,000 crore. This great destruction of wealth resulted in a huge increase in the prices of goods. The wage rate of workers rose. Yields decreased Devaluation of currency
done . The disruption in trade arose as the value of the currency declined.

Damage to industries - Many industries were destroyed in the Great War period. Thousands of factories and buildings were broken into by the firing. In this view, the most damage was to Serbia, Roumania, Belgium, France and England. Of war
Many factories were shut down later; Because she used to prepare war items. But, he was no longer needed. This increased the number of idle. Commerce and trade also suffered a setback; Because goods from outside countries were banned in different countries of Europe. The most pathetic state in this region was that of Germany and Austria.

Economic imbalances Economic imbalances arose after the Great War. In many European countries there was a shortage of men. Poland's food was destroyed, crops were killed, railroads were shattered. The same condition of France. During the war, the production power of every country was used in unusual works. As a result, the economic organization of the world suffered a major setback. After the establishment of power, the problem of rehabilitation etc. of people arose. Then the question of providing livelihood to the displaced came up.

The end of the autocratic rulers - Communist revolution took place in Russia in the midst of the Great War, which resulted in the end of the Tsar. The glorious dynasty of Germany and Austria-Hungary came to an end with the end of the Great War. The King of Bulleria also had to relinquish the throne. Seven years after the Great War, the autocratic rule of the Sultan of Turkey also came to an end. Thus the Great War took the form of a revolution
That razed the so-called grand buildings of autocratic rule.

Establishment of republics At the beginning of the Great War, only France had democratic rule in Switzerland and Portugal. However, after the war, there was a flood of democratic rule all over Europe. Democracy was established in Russia, Germany, Poland, Austria, Lithuania, Lativia, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Ukraine etc.

Rise of totalitarianism - The governments of almost all European states became exceptionally powerful with the aim of conducting the war well in the midst of the Great War. This power was considered necessary for governments due to the extraordinary situation arising after the Great War. Political leaders of many countries began to consume infinite rights by calling for the good, security and progress of the country. Hence, the rule of major political parties was established in countries like Italy, Spain, Germany, Russia etc. This trend further developed into the form of 'fascism', 'Nazism' and paved the way for Mussolini and Hitler.

Victory of National Principles One of the main consequences of this great war was the victory of the principles of nationalism. The Treaty Council accepted the principles of nationality as a harsh truth and based on this principle, eight new states were created in Europe, even then there were many countries in the world where these principles were not recognized. There were some such regions in Europe too. England dominated Ireland, Egypt and India. Philippine America and Korea were under Japan. Europeans had large colonies in Africa.

Influenced the whole world - This war brought an end to the great empires of the world, such as Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. The whole world was affected by the deterioration of the balance of power of Europe. Now the United States became the center of the world's political, military, economic gravity. Many main countries of Europe were destroyed in this war. On the other hand, Japan emerged as a powerful imperialist country in Asia.

Social Consequences After this great war, the importance of the proletariat in politics increased greatly; Because the workers played an important 'role' during the war. The old social system came to an end in Russia. Now social reform work in full swing
International trade unions were formed. Women also revolted for their rights. People from different countries had joined the war, so a spirit of cooperation developed between them. The black-white distinction decreased.

New inventions: During this war, many innovative inventions took place. This war has been called 'the war of chemists'. Different types of poisonous gases were used in it, so they were developed in many ways. Many good medicines were made. Many surgical experiments were also done.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Most Read

Monetize your website traffic with yX Media
//disable Text Selection and Copying