An essay on Human Resource Development in India. - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Thursday, September 3, 2020

An essay on Human Resource Development in India.

Human resources are the real wealth of a nation and India is a nation rich in this sense i.e. India is the second most populous and world's youngest populous country and the country which has the most energetic young population of the world. Who can stop the pace of the development path? Provided that that young human resource is used systematically in the right direction.

According to Pro.Whipple, the real wealth of a nation does not lie in its land, water, forests, mines, animal property, or dollars, but lies in the rich and happy people (male and female) of that nation. Human resources mean putting qualified people in the right places and in the right numbers at the right time so that they can effectively and efficiently achieve organizational goals. Developing your staff members, motivating, encouraging, and taking proper care of them can bring any organization to the top level. This will not only lead to human development but also indirectly help to achieve the ultimate goal of organizations and factories.

It can also be understood in the same way that a country can use its physical resources like land.
In the same way, he can convert his capital into human capital like engineer and doctor. Society first needs a sufficient amount of human capital. Those who are more like qualified people, who have been self-trained before and are able to work as professors etc.In other words, we need teachers to prepare other human capital like doctor engineer etc.
Better human capital is required as trainers. This means that we also need to invest in human resources, human capital. Therefore, human resources can be defined as knowledge, skills, competence, intelligence, and aptitude, which are found in the working population of a country. In fact, it is the inherent capabilities of a particular person,
The knowledge acquired and the cell aptitude and ability to think and work and the way and his belief in work culture is the sum.
Human resources are multidimensional in nature. In the context of a country, human resource is the ability, skill, and knowledge found in its population, which creates human capital for that country.

 In this context, it was accepted that the economic development of a country could not only be measured on the basis of national or per capita income but for this various aspect of human development would also have to be considered and based on this the concept of human development coordinates Developed and under the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the Human Development Report is published every year from 1990, through which human development coordinates analyze and evaluate the state of human development in various countries.

While citing the concept of human development in the Human Development Report of the year 1990, it was said that human resources are the real resource of a nation. The basic objective of development is to create an environment conducive for the long life and healthy and creative life of individuals. Co appears a simple truth but is largely forgotten in the immediate efforts to collect goods and financial wealth. In this report, clarifying the concept of human development, it was said that human development is a process of expanding opportunities for individuals. Among these, long and healthy life education and decent living standards are the main areas. | Additional opportunities include political freedom, guaranteed human rights, and self-respect. It was further stated in the report that human development together with the production and distribution of goods and the use and expansion of human capabilities. It focuses on those choices of what individuals should have and what to do to ensure their jeeps consumption. Human development is not limited only to the satisfaction of basic needs. But it is a participatory and dynamic process and applies equally to all the less developed and highly developed countries.

There are many factors of economic development and among them, human resource ie number is an important factor. The achievement of labor is done for human production work. If the labor force in a country is skilled as well as labor, then its production capacity will definitely be higher. Decreased productivity of people who are illiterate, illiterate, unskilled and stuck in the pockets
And their contribution to economic development is not too much, but in this context, it is also important to keep in mind that if manpower
Not used efficiently, not all people are engaged in productive work or management of human resources is inefficient and inappropriate
If done in a manner, then only those people who could have contributed significantly to economic development become a burden on the economy. That is why
Economists consider democracy to be a hindrance to economic development. It is, therefore, necessary that the available human resource is managed in such a way that it
Human beings can turn into capital and not be a hindrance in economic development, but prove to be helpful in increasing their pace, ie proper management of human resources is very important.
The main objective of human resource management is to get better results and for that human resource

To make better use of neither. This is a part of management in which better synergy with the working population can be ensured by creating better synergy between the working population. Human resource management attempts to build better relations between the individual and the institution or between the individual and the government so that both are benefited. Under human resource management, the basic objective of human development and their transformation into human capital is to achieve the goal of all-round development. The concept of human capital considers education and health as a means of increasing the productivity of labor. Human development is based on the idea that education and health are integral to human well-being, because when people have the ability to read and write and live long and healthy lives, then only they are able to choose the other important Believe it.

Based on the above analysis, it can be said that human resources are the most important resources of any nation, which can be used in the progress of the nation by proper management. It is only natural that the contribution of an educated person will be much more than that of the uneducated, a healthy person can spend more time without disruption. Therefore, health also becomes an important factor in economic growth. Therefore, skilled, educated, and healthy can reverse the exercise of the right use of manpower. India is a nation full of human resources, but a lack of proper management and change in human capital increases economic backwardness. Therefore, the need should be that maximum production should be taken by putting the available human resources in the right work according to their ability and the human resource should be properly utilized by proper management. Otherwise, overpopulation will lead to poverty and starvation, not growth.

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