Describe the modern rural economy after independence. - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Friday, August 21, 2020

Describe the modern rural economy after independence.

After independence, half a century has passed, according to the population figures of 2001
Even today 72.2 percent of the total population of India lives in the village, that is, 7 out of every 10 people live in the village. Even today India is a country in the village and the economy here is predominantly agricultural. Agriculture accounts for only 26 percent of the country's gross product. The economic growth of the country has been accelerated through the five-year plans and the rural economy has started changing the form of the village, which is not untouched by this.

Characteristics of the rural economy after independence
1. Changes in the structure of the rural community - After independence, many changes have been seen in the structure of the rural community. Chief among them are the following - after the independence, the rural community can be divided into four parts on the basis of ownership of the land available to them-

(i) Large farmers- who have land ranging from 2 to 10 hectares.
(ii) Medium farmers - who have 2 hectares or more of land.
(iii) Small farmers - who have less than 2 hectares of land.
(iv) Landless farmers - those who do not have any land, they do tenancy by taking land on the share or farms.
I do wages.

2. Multiple crops- Nowadays, three crops are taken mainly throughout the year - Kharif, Rabi, Zayed.
Today, apart from traditional crops, some cash crops have become popular, such as floriculture, oilseeds, etc.

3. Migration of population to cities- Poverty, starvation unemployment, lack of basic facilities, etc. The poor people are migrating to cities due to many reasons.

4. The emergence of the monetary system - The barter system formerly prevalent in the villages is now completely lost. Today currency is being used everywhere in the country.

5. Inadequate communication and traffic facilities - Today, tireless efforts are being made to connect every village with the means of communication and transportation, but most of the roads are rough. Presently villages are also connected through telephone and Doordarshan.

6. Development of ancillary and cottage industries - Strengthening and improving the rural economy after independence.
For the purpose of this small and small domestic industries were developed according to the availability of local raw materials in every village. Which has increased employment opportunities.

7. Technological advancement - Farmers have started adopting new technology, now pumps for irrigation, harrow in place of the plow, truck, and tractor instead of bullock cart, trolley, use of big machines, use of shredder have become common.

8. Expansion of education and health facilities - Modern villages are becoming aware of education and health. Government schools and medical facilities have also become available in villages. Health awareness is also coming up among the villagers through publicity.

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