Arya Samaj occupies an important place in Indian history and literature of the nineteenth century. Such a wide and subtle change did not occur even in the medieval period due to the contact with the religion of Islam. On the one hand, India became a slave of a remotely situated caste in the nineteenth century, and on the other, he gained new consciousness by taking advantage of the western knowledge and scientific inventions, and rejuvenated the medieval and many mythical evils, leaving the laziness of life tied to practices and traditions. Of. History bears witness to the fact that it was expressed as a conflict between East and West in a situation of political and economic slavery, ie, the struggle of Indian spirituality and western materiality. Political and economic consciousness was only part of that consciousness. Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati (1825 1883) is a pioneer of nineteenth century social and religious reformers. He founded the Aryasamaj in Mumbai on 10 April 1875 AD (Chaitra Shukla 5 Saturday, 1932 Vikrami).
Contribution of Arya Samaj
Arya Samaj was a movement for education, social reform and nationalism. 85 percent of India's freedom fighters were born by Arya Samaj. The main architect of the Swadeshi movement is the Arya Samaj itself.
Swamiji started the purification movement by inspiring the converted people to become Hindus again.
Today, the use of the word Namaste is very common in foreign and yoga world. It was not practiced at one time - Hindu people also did not do it. Aryasamajis greeted each other
Introduced this method. These have once become the identity of socialists and now Indians.
Swami Dayanand wrote the book Satyarth Prakash and several Vedic interpreters in Hindi language. An Englishman named Shirol had written to Satyarth Prakash as a hound of the British Empire.
In 1886, Lala Hansraj Nai Dayanand Anglo Vedic College was established in Lahore, a follower of Swami Dayanand.
In 1901, Swami Shraddhanand established the Gurukul Vidyalaya at Kangri.
Arya Samaj has contributed significantly in advancing the nationalist ideology in India. Its followers actively participated in the Indian independence movement.
Aryasamaj was a pioneer in social reform movements in India in the 19th century.
Soon after its establishment in 1875, its fame was successful in influencing the then social thinkers, Acharyas, social reformers etc. and only a few years later the Aryasamaj was established in all the major cities of India. Swami ji's scholarly lectures and miraculous personality turned the youth towards Arya Samaj. The Arya Samaj, since its inception, has advocated a movement against social evils, such as breaking caste-based inertial society, rights for women, abolition of child marriage, support of widow marriage, social rights for lower castes etc. The Arya Samaj was more nationalistic in true sense than other contemporary socio-religious movements. It was a movement with a more aggressive nature against westernization flourishing in India.