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Throw light on the social conditions of the later Vedic age (1000 B.C.-600 B.C.)

- North Vedic period (1000-600 BC) In Indian history, the period in which the Samveda, Yajurveda and Atharva Veda and the creation of Brahmanical texts, Aranyakas and Upanishads are called post-Vedic period. The painted gray pottery was typical of this period, as the inhabitants here used clay painted and brown bowls and plates. They iron

Used to use weapons as well. 1000 BC Iron equipment has been obtained in Gandhara, Pakistan. There are iron implements found in the grave along with the dead. 800 BC It was used in the Ganges-Yamuna Doab around. 700 sites of painted gray pottery have been found in North Doab. In the later Vedic period, the occupations of the Rigvedic period became the basis of social structure. The post-Vedic society was clearly divided into four vowas (Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras). Although the basis of their division was karma, but when these characters were stratified, the division of the varna was born gradually. The rituals of yagyas started to become widespread in this period, due to which the importance of Brahmins was increased. Society on Vaishyas

He was responsible for maintenance. He was involved in agriculture, animal husbandry and crafts; In the later Vedic period, the entire revenue was received from the Vaishyas. 

The Varnas had the right to the Upanayana rites and were called 'Dwij'. But this right was not given to the Shudras and it was from here that their position began to decline. Both Brahmins and Kshatriyas were separated from production work. The 'gotra' took an institutional form during this period, according to which people born from the same original man were organized under one community. It became a dominant social paradigm in the later Vedic period. The importance of father in the family increased further as the mobility of women declined drastically during this period. The division of labor led to the birth of many business communities in this period. The practice of treating craftsmen as equivalent to Shudras began in this era. During this period, the Shudras were disenfranchised and separated from the mainstream of society. The Ashram system was inaugurated in this period. Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and Sannyas Ashram began to be emphasized.


In the later Vedic period many religious categories emerged which became rigid and changed into different castes. Businesses started being genetic. The condition of the herds became miserable during this period: they did not have the same respect as the Rigvedic period. Women were placed in the category of gambling and sura. There was a ban on women attending meetings and councils.

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