Shershah Siro as a ruler in India - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Sunday, September 13, 2020

Shershah Siro as a ruler in India

Sher Shah Suri was an Indian born Pathan who defeated Humayun in 1540 and established the Suri Empire in North India. Sher Shah Suri neither worked as a soldier for Mahal Babur, who promoted him to the commander of army and then appointed the Governor of Bihar. In 537, when Humayun was on a distant expedition, Sher Shah attacked Bengal
Had captured Suri dynasty. Sher Shah's childhood name was 'Farid'. Subedar of South Bihar
Haar Khan Lohani gave him the title of 'Sher Khan' and appointed his son Jalal Khan as guardian to kill a lion. Sher Khan assumed the title of 'Hazrat Ali' in 1529 AD after defeating Nusrat Shah, the ruler of Vagal. In 1530 AD, by marrying Naaz Khan's widow 'Ladmalika', she not only captured the powerful banana of Chunar, but also gained a lot of wealth. After defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa (1539 AD), he assumed the title of 'Sher Shah' and taught the name of his name and played coins. Horshah defeated Hamayun in the battle of Kannauj (Bilgram) in 1540 AD and obtained the throne of Delhi. Thus, in 1540 AD, after defeating the fortified war of North India Chunar, he established the Survansh or Second Afghan Empire. During the Kalinjar expedition, while he was carrying a firearm called 'Ukka', at the same time an ammunition came from the fort wall and fell on a pile of gunpowder in which Sher Shah died due to fire. Sher Shah divided the entire Bengal into 19 governments and gave each one under the control of one Shikdar to eliminate the possibility of rebellion in remote and rich states like Bengal. Appointed a civilian officer 'Amin-e-Bangla' or 'Amir-e-Bengal' to look after the victims.
Sher Shah's revenue system was mainly 'Ryotwadi' in which direct contact with farmers was established. Sher Shah mainly adopted three types of systems for determining rent.
1.Glabkashi or share
2. Nashk or Muktai or Kanakut,
3. Cash or seizure (Jamai).
The seizure of tax system based on land measurement was first implemented by Sher Shah. Sher Shah used Sikandi Gaja (39 Angul or 32 inches) and 'Son's Indica' for measuring land. Sher Shah took 1/3 of the production from the entire empire as a tax. Whereas in Multan 1/4 of the produce was collected as rent.
 Sher Shah built many roads and got old roads repaired and 1700 Sarais built in which Hindus and
There were different arrangements for the stay of the Muslims. Each inn was looked after by an officer called 'Shikdar'. Sher Shah's currency system was very advanced. He replaced the old worn-out coins with a 'silver' (180 grains) of pure silver and 'daam' (380 grains) of tobe. There were 23 mints in Sher Shah's time. Sher Shah's name and name were inscribed on Arabic or Nagari script on the coins of Sher Shah.

As a famous building builder, 'Sasaram's mausoleum built by Sher Shah' was considered to be the culmination of the earlier architectural style and the beginning of the new style. Sher Shah built a fort called Rohtasgarh. In addition, he built the old fort of Delhi. Within which built the 'Kil-e-Kuhna' mosque. Thus it can be said that not only by Sher Shah Suri with his wisdom and strength, he proved to be an outstanding ruler, great warrior and great builder also due to various new works done during the reign of Bolk during his reign. Abbas Khan praised Sher Shah
Stating that "he was the second Hyder in intelligence and experience".

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