Sanchi is located in Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh. It is 46 km from Bhupal. It is famous for its Buddhist stupas included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The main stupa of these was built by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka the Great. The column article of Emperor Ashoka is also found here. A few years ago the International Buddhist University has also been established here.
Ashoka's beloved Rani Devi is also said to be born in Sanchi. She was the daughter of Vidisha's superior. He was also married to Ashoka here. The Buddhist stupa was built by Ashoka at the behest of the goddess and under his supervision. Ashoka's pages Mahendra and Putri Sanghamitra, who spread Buddhism in Sri Lanka, also resided in Sanchi's monastery.
In 483 BC, when Mahatma Buddha was consecrated in Kushinagar, it was decided to build a total of 8 stupas on his metal (ashes). After about two hundred years after this, when the Mauryan emperor Ashoka came, he decided to build 84 thousand stupas, not 8, but on the relics of Buddha. He dug up the old stupas and got the ashes of Buddha removed and among the 84 thousand stupas built by him
Got it installed. Sanchi Stupa was also one of these.
Sanchi has many stupas, not one. They are distinctive from this point of view. That their position at the height of the hill gives them a grandeur. Stupa number 1 is the most important of all the stupas here, which is also known as Mahastupa. Originally it was built by Emperor Ashoka. He built a small brick structure on the ashes of Mahatma Buddha. It is believed that it had a wooden-vedika (wooden railing) and a stone-canopy on it. After this, this stupa expanded from the stone rocks during the Shugakal. On its dome, three chhatris were placed against each other. These three chhatris represent the triratna (three mantras - Buddha Sharanam Gachchami / Dhamma Sharanam Gachchami. Sangham Sharanam Gachchami /) of Buddhism. Its arch and pradakshinapath appear to be built by the Satavahana dynasty. The idolatry of Buddha began with the emergence of the Mahayana branch of Buddhism in the period of Kanishka (first century AD). As a result, in the 5th century, four idols of Lord Buddha were installed in the stupa at Sanchi. These idols are in Dhyanamudra and two upstairs stand on either side of them.
In this stupa, the Jataka tales are sculpted as a sculptor. This sculptor depicts all forms of ancient Indian life. Apart from humans, the lively pictures of animals, birds and plants show its flourishing art. Simplicity, generality and the elevation of the heart are the motivational power of Sanchi sculpture.
The second notable stupa after Mahastupa dates back to the second century BCE, ie a hundred years after Mahastupa. In it, the bones of Sariputra and Mahamogalayan were kept in large stone boxes. These words are engraved on the lid of the boxes - Sariputra Mahamogalayan portions. It was discovered by Alexander Cunningham. These lids are now in Sanchi's museum. -
Apart from these two stupas, the remains of many other stupas are also in Sanchi. Are scattered, of which Stupa no.2 is notable. The stupa contained the ashes of Buddhist masters and monks. These were also discovered by Cunningham. But these bones and stone boxes, which contained the bones, are all in London Stupa number 3 today. this
Are in the museum.
Apart from stupas, monasteries and temples are also found here. The temple is of Gupta period. Archaeological Museum of Sanchi is also very special. It was built in 1919 by Sir John Marshall atop the hill. But in 1966 it was shifted down the hill. A pillar of Ashoka has also been found in Sanchi, on which the article is written in Brahmi script and Prakrit language. This pillar weighing 50 tonnes was built in Chunar and established here.