Raja Rammohan Roy as a social reformer in India - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Sunday, September 13, 2020

Raja Rammohan Roy as a social reformer in India

- Raja Rammohan Roy is generally regarded as the warrior of modern Indian, modern Indian liberal tradition and the rights of women of Renaissance, a pioneer of social and political reforms, the future vision of international coexistence and the forerunner of India's constitutional liberals. As the father of modern India and a great thinker, he made a relentless attempt to unite tradition and modernity. He also proposed the concept of a worldwide moral religion based on the highest beliefs of all major religions of the world. He taught the lesson of spiritual unity and fraternity to mankind and also accepted the imperative of interdependence of individuals and nations. He not only reminded his countrymen of the richness of their ancient civilization and culture, but also encouraged them to show cooperation and goodwill towards other civilizations and cultures. He also fought against the prevailing superstitions and ideological practices like sati, devadasi and caste system. Therefore they are also called the first social reformers of India. In the social sphere, he strongly condemned and attempted to destroy all forms of superstitions, sati, devadasi, polygamism and casteism. In the implementation of his multilateral program of social reform, Raja Ram Mohan Roy appealed to the social reformers to raise public opinion in his favor before starting the work of social reform. He also suggested various means of social reform. He asked people to act with discretion and also gave examples to remove social evils from Hindu religious texts and to bring reforms. He not only reorganized Hindu scriptures, but also wrote many articles regarding social reforms. They
He also tried to attract the attention of the government against the prevalent social and religious evils. In relation to human freedom in the world where
Anywhere there were small and big agitations in those days, they fully supported them.
Ram Mohan Roy's name as the first social reformer, is uniquely associated. His efforts to eradicate the vampiric practice of Sati was a revolutionary step. During his time, Sati was widely practiced in different parts of India, especially in Bengal. Ram Mohan Roy, through his writings, speeches and peaceful movements inspired people to despise the practice of Sati to fight against the practice of sati. Tried to get government support from the British rulers and
He achieved unprecedented success in this goal as Governor Lord Bentinck declared the practice a legal offense. Child marriage was criticized by her on the grounds of naturalism. Ram Mohan Roy considered the girl's murder not only a crime, but also a sin. In those days, the practice of killing girls at the time of birth was common in Rajput houses. This practice is indeed; This practice, intended to please the Goddess, was actually done to rid itself of the easy expenses that were being spent throughout the age. Ram Mohan Roy opposed this practice
And also recommended such guilty persons to be given legal punishment. Similarly, Ram Mohan Roy also strongly opposed the dowry system. This practice actually made the entire ritual of marriage a business ritual where potential spouses were actually traded and sold by their parents. Dowry murders convicted for lack of proper evidence and witness
Did not happen. Prostitution is the most vampiric of social evils. Ram Mohan Roy waged a huge campaign against prostitution and asked the government
It urged that either it should be declared illegal and it should be controlled. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, as an enthusiastic campaigner, also launched a movement to remove casteism and the obstacles it created.
According to him, the caste system is completely indiscriminate, because according to it, the importance of a person rather than his qualities and abilities is in a particular caste.
It is calculated on the basis of birth. Ram Mohan Roy was a strong supporter of inter-caste contacts, feasts and marriages. Due to social isolationism
The trend and process of social and cultural integration, merger and adjustment can be promoted in place of trend.

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