Corruption is a form of deviation from normal norms of loyalty. Corruption is the deliberate or deliberate misuse of its position, position or companionship for its personal benefit, whether it is for economic gain or for the increase of power, prestige or influence. This misuse is more than just and generally accepted norms and harmful to the interests of other persons or the society as a whole. Corruption not only includes black marketing, bribery, kunbaprasti, misuse of power or influence, profiteering and other similar works, but wastage of government money also shows lack of loyalty. And there is corruption in many ways. However, the word corruption can be defined in many ways. The term corruption in general means misuse of government post for personal selfishness. This misuse is not just for financial gain but also for violating rules and regulations. According to Mr. Santhanam, chairman of the Prevention of Corruption Committee, "It is corruption by the government servant to take any action or not to take any action for the benefit in the performance of his obligation."
Section 161 of the Indian Penal Code gives the legal definition of corruption as follows; 'Any person who, while living in or expecting a government job or doing or not doing any government work or performing his official work, showing favoritism or neglect towards any person or any person or Central or State Government or Parliament or State For the benefit of or for the Legislative Assembly or any Government servant in return for doing any favor or dishonor or for himself or any other. Any person other than legal remuneration for any other person will accept or attempt to receive any remuneration, he will be punished with imprisonment of up to three years (rigorous or ordinary) or with fine or fine.
The second type of corruption is the misuse of government money. What is not generally considered corruption is the excess of government money. Spending of government money for unnecessary purposes or spending more than necessary on essential purposes is wastage of government money, which has an undue effect on the general public.
Methods of corruption - According to the Central Vigilance Commission, the following types of corruption are -
1) Acceptance of similar / deeds of inferior nature.
2) Misuse of public money and goods.
3) Receipt of money by the post holders due to formal contact with contractors / companies.
4) To work in the interests of contractors and companies.
5) To have more assets than income potential.
6) Buying real estate etc. without prior approval.
7) Loss to the government due to negligence or other reasons.
7) Misuse of government position / powers.
9) Submission of fake certificates of age, date of birth, caste etc.
10) Irregularity in reservation of seats in rail and aircraft.
11) moral degradation.
12) Accepting Gifts.
The Prevention of Corruption Act was passed in the year 1947 to curb corruption in India. There are also various codes of conduct related to government employees. Of the existing means to face corruption
Santhanam Committee was also constituted for vetting and Vigilance Commissions were also set up at the Central and State levels. Apart from this, Central Bureau of Investigation and Lokpal and Lokayukta's institutions are also there to prevent corruption.