What is the concept of inter-linking of river in India - MAINS QUESTION - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Sunday, September 6, 2020

What is the concept of inter-linking of river in India

Presently, water resources are becoming one of the biggest problems in the world, it is being feared that in future only water will be fought. Water management of developed countries such as the US and European nations is an exemplary example, in which the entire use of the water of the rivers is used in the water acquisition area rather than going to the waste sea, and it cannot be denied that "Water energy management techniques" have contributed significantly to their being a developed nation. Keeping these facts in mind, the Government of India has pledged to water basins with less water than basins with more water under the "National River Grid" scheme.

It was envisaged to link rivers first in the British period. After independence, in the 1960s, Dastur envisaged the linking of the major rivers of the country. Subsequently in 1972, K.L. Rao introduced the river link project in which there was a proposal to connect the Ganges and the Kaveri rivers. Then came the Dastur proposal in 1977, which took the initiative to connect canals to major rivers. A blueprint for the project was also made in 1980. Talk of adding rivers again, Dr. APJ became President in the NDA government. Abdul Kalam said in his first address. Due to this war, a public interest litigation was filed in the Supreme Court, in which the court on 31 October. In 2002, the Central Government was directed to interlink the major rivers across the country within 10 years. This decision was made by the then Chief Justice B.N. Kirpal's bench gave it as well as suggested to the Parliament that it should enact laws under the 56th entry of the first list of the Constitution and ensure that no state expresses its objection in carrying out the scheme. The Central Government presented before the Supreme Court a document linking the peninsular rivers to the Himalayan rivers by 2043. The central government passed a proposal for a river connectivity scheme costing Rs five lakh sixty thousand crore, named 'Amrit Kranti Project' and talked about 37 rivers.

A major initiative towards this ambitious plan came on 25 August 2005 when UP was in the presence of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on a bilateral MoU to link the Ken-Betwa rivers with the canal. Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav and M.P. Signed by Chief Minister Babulal Gaur. Water Resources Minister Dear Ranjan Das Munshi signed on behalf of the Central Government. As per the agreement, by making a baith near Panna on the river Cane, 231 km. The long canal will be released in Betwa river near Jhansi. Of the canal
A few reservoirs will also be built on the route. It is estimated to cost 8 years and Rs 4263 crore. Final settlement project on water sharing
A detailed report of the same will be made
The River Joints Project is a large-scale proposed civil engineering project, which aims to connect Indian rivers through reservoirs and canals. Due to which the problem of constant flooding or water scarcity can be overcome in some parts of India.

Benefit of this project

1. Problems related to flood control, irrigation, limiting drought and encouraging agricultural production can be solved by connecting the country's rivers.
2. Possible benefits of transport of basic amenities through shipping, to expand sources of income in rural areas through fish farming.

Project challenges

1. It is not physically possible to connect rivers from north to south. The barrier imposed by the Vindhya mountains makes it expensive to plow the water along the north and south axes. It is also unnecessary.

2. With the construction of canals, monitoring and maintenance of the basic facilities between the rivers is an expensive task. Implementation of the project requires not only a huge financial capital but also political support, both of which are now a rare commodity.

3. Another important issue is to build consensus between states and land acquisition, which is definitely a difficult task.

4. Once the project is implemented it will lead to mass displacement of people and animals. Therefore, proper rehabilitation measures should be taken by the government.

5. A careful scientific evaluation of the project and its impact on the environment, especially in relation to biodiversity, water life, is required in the case of a project of this magnitude.

Thus, the implementation of this ambitious scheme has many advantages as well as some problems. For its successful implementation, in-depth research, survey as well as well-organized machinery and administration
There is a great need for commitment.

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