Saturday, September 12, 2020

What is Prejudice and Discrimination ?

Prejudice is an attitude towards a specific group, which is stereotyped and negative in relation to a specific group in many situations. In social psychology, prejudice is generally defined as a negative attitude towards a member of a racial, ethnic, religious group. A stereotype is a pool of ideas regarding the characteristics of a specific group. Often, stereotypes have undesirable characteristics about the group and it gives rise to a negative attitude or prejudice about specific group members. The stereotype component of prejudice is often associated with dislike, disgust. The behavioral component may be transformed or translated as a bias discrimination when people tend to behave in a less positive way toward a specific target group than the group they prefer. There are innumerable examples of discrimination based on caste, gender, species, racism, social class in history. The genocidal genocide against the Jews by the Nazis in Germany is an example of the culmination of prejudice that demonstrates how prejudice leads to hatred, discrimination, and massacres of innocent people. The caste system in the Indian context in which different classes of Dalits are placed at the lower place in the stratum by the upper castes. The upper castes have a prejudice that the deeds of the lower class of the Dalits are abhorred, hence they should be given low place. Discrimination is born due to prejudice. Prejudice, however, is displayed as discriminatory; At the same time, discrimination continues to appear without prejudice. Discrimination is done in a direct-indirect, overt-covert form. By the way, both bias and discrimination often go hand in hand. Wherever there is prejudice and discrimination, there is a strong possibility of conflict between groups of the same society. Indian
The society has seen many regrettable or sad incidents of prejudiced or prejudiced discrimination based on gender, religion, caste, physical disability, diseases (AIDS, cancer), while the Indian constitution legally prevented discrimination of such prejudice. Tireless efforts have been made for this, but sadly, even then prejudice and discrimination exist in Indian society. Simple and emotional of this prejudice and discrimination
It is very difficult to convert components. Just like today, there is a negative attitude towards the alleged upper castes towards the Harijans of the Indian society and the backward caste. They often look at these people with inferiority complex and show discrimination towards them.

For example, a Hindu may not be prejudiced against keeping a Muslim tenant in his house, yet he may refuse to rent his house out of fear of local residents. There is discrimination here but there is no prejudice behind it. Psychological studies have revealed that prejudice has certain characteristics that make it different from other social behaviors. Some of the other features of prejudice are the following -

1) Prejudice is irrational.
(2) Prejudice is learned social behavior.
(3) bias is a momentum.
(4) Prejudice is not related to reality.
it happens.
(5) The form of prejudice is functional because it benefits the person in one way or another.

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